View Pictures Of Hydrocephalus

Human Veins Head
Figure 3.20. Another view of the head of the same infant showing the marked distortion of the posterior occiput and the engorged scalp veins.
Neonate Scalp Veins
Figure 3.21. Transillumination of the skull of the same infant. The fluid-filled lobulated space-occupying cyst results in marked distortion of the cranial vault.
Transillumination Head
Figure 3.22. Transillumination of the skull of another infant with a smaller porencephalic cyst with the presence of some normal neural tissue.
Transillumination Test Head
Figure 3.23. Transillumination of the skull of an infant with a Dandy-Walker malformation. Note the bulging occiput and enlargement of the head, and a large posterior fossa cyst.

Figure 3.24. Cranial ultrasound study of an infant with an increased fronto-occipital circumference. Scanning section reveals large posterior fossa with hydrocephalus as the result of a Dandy-Walker malformation. This ultrasound marking is referred to as the "Chinese lantern" sign.

Infant Hydrocephalus Ultrasound Pictures

Figure 3.26. Superior view of the same infant with apparent hydrocephalus (pseudohydro-cephalus of prematurity).

Figure 3.25. A premature infant (birth weight 1250 g) now aged two months with "pseudohydro-cephalus." These infants have rapidly growing heads as a result of normal catch-up growth. Frontal bossing with prominent temporoparietal bulging suggests a diagnosis of hydrocephalus which can easily be excluded by a cranial ultrasound examination.

Figure 3.26. Superior view of the same infant with apparent hydrocephalus (pseudohydro-cephalus of prematurity).

3.27

Figure 3.25. A premature infant (birth weight 1250 g) now aged two months with "pseudohydro-cephalus." These infants have rapidly growing heads as a result of normal catch-up growth. Frontal bossing with prominent temporoparietal bulging suggests a diagnosis of hydrocephalus which can easily be excluded by a cranial ultrasound examination.

Frontal Bossing Ultrasound

Figure 3.27. The same premature infant had some increased transillumination of the cranial vault. This was not pathologic but was the result of poor mineralization with transient increased skull lucency.

Figure 3.28. This term infant shows massive head enlargement as the result of congenital hydrocephalus. This results from overproduction or obstruction of the circulation of the cerebrospinal fluid. It can be inherited as an X-linked recessive trait in a male infant as the result of aqueduc-tal stenosis. Other underlying brain defects may be present.

Figure 3.28. This term infant shows massive head enlargement as the result of congenital hydrocephalus. This results from overproduction or obstruction of the circulation of the cerebrospinal fluid. It can be inherited as an X-linked recessive trait in a male infant as the result of aqueduc-tal stenosis. Other underlying brain defects may be present.

Congenital Hydrocephalus

Figure 3.29. Congenital hydro-cephalus in a term male infant with respiratory failure. Note the common association of the adducted thumbs, seen in the X-linked variant, and the prominent scalp veins. The birth weight of this infant was 3800 g, the length 53 cm, and the fronto-occipi-tal circumference 52.5 cm.

Figure 3.29. Congenital hydro-cephalus in a term male infant with respiratory failure. Note the common association of the adducted thumbs, seen in the X-linked variant, and the prominent scalp veins. The birth weight of this infant was 3800 g, the length 53 cm, and the fronto-occipi-tal circumference 52.5 cm.

Ridging Infants Head
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Responses

  • dawit
    What is cephalus in a pre term baby?
    3 years ago

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