The arteries of the abdomen

Coeliac

Superior mesenteric,

Inferior mesenteric

Inferior Phrenic

Inferior phrenic

Lumbar

Median sacral

Fig.12.1

The abdominal aorta and its branches. Red labels: ventral branches Blue labels: lateral branches Green labels: branches to body wall

Inferior phrenic

Suprarenal

Suprai Renal Ureteric branch

Lumbar

Gonadal

Median sacral

Cystic

Right and left hepatic

Right gastric

Fig.12.1

The abdominal aorta and its branches. Red labels: ventral branches Blue labels: lateral branches Green labels: branches to body wall

Common hepatic Gastroduodenal

Superior pancreatico duodenal Right gastro-epiploic Inferior pancreatico duodenal

Superior pancreaticoduodenal

Inferior pancreaticoduodenal

Ventral Superior Right Lateral

Fig.12.3

The superior mesenteric artery and its branches

Superior mesenteric

Left gastric

Left gastric

Middle Colic Artery

Oesophageal branches

Short gastric

Spleen Splenic

Pancreatic branches

Left gastroepiploic Omental branch

Jejunal and Superior ileal branches mesenteric artery

Fig.12.2

The coeliac artery and its branches.

The three primary branches are labelled in red

Middle colic

Jejunal and ileal branches

Right colic Ileocolic

] Anterior and posterior caecal branches

Fig.12.3

The superior mesenteric artery and its branches

Appendicular

Right colic artery Ileocolic artery

Anterior and posterior caecal branches

Fig.12.4

The blood supply of the appendix

Mesoappendix

Mesentery Ileal branch

Ileocaecal fold (bloodless fold of Treves)

Meso-appendix

Appendicular artery

Middle colic (from s.mesenteric)

Bloodless Fold Treves

Inferior rectal (a branch of the internal pudendal)

Anal canal

Fig.12.5

The inferior mesenteric artery and its branches.

Note the anastomosis with the inferior rectal artery (green) halfway down the anal canal

Marginal artery Inferior mesenteric Left colic

Sigmoid branches

Superior rectal

Anal canal

Inferior rectal (a branch of the internal pudendal)

Fig.12.5

The inferior mesenteric artery and its branches.

Note the anastomosis with the inferior rectal artery (green) halfway down the anal canal

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