Surveys of test use in the United States have appeared increasingly in the literature in the past decade. These surveys are usually based on data from clinical agencies and hospitals (Lubin, Larsen, & Matarazzo, 1984; Petrowski & Keller, 1989), school systems (Goh, Teslow, & Fuller,
1981; Hutton, Dubes, & Muir, 1992; Wilson & Reschly, 1996), industry (Swenson & Lindgren, 1952), military settings (Lubin, Larsen, Mat-arazzo, & Seever, 1986), forensic settings (Lees-Hayley, Smith, Williams, & Dunn, 1996), or private practitioners (Archer, Maruish, Imhof, & Piotrowski, 1991; Camara, Nathan, & Puente, 2000; Harrison et al., 1988; Lubin et al., 1986; Watkins, Campbell, Nieberding, & Hallmark, 1995). Data from such studies of test use are becoming increasingly important in light of the role that managed-care companies play in reimbursement for assessment services. Data from surveys that help determine which are the typical instruments used for various types of assessment and the amount of time practitioners usually spend on an assessment may serve a function in setting standard approved rates for practitioner compensation by managed-care companies. Thus, we reviewed the recent literature to attempt to discover which instruments are most commonly used by practitioners with a variety of backgrounds and find out how much time is typically spent on assessments.
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Whenever a doctor informs the parents that their child is suffering with Autism, the first & foremost question that is thrown over him is - How did it happen? How did my child get this disease? Well, there is no definite answer to what are the exact causes of Autism.