Alternative Medicine Ebooks
The business of dietary supplement in the Western World has expanded from the Health Store to the pharmacy. Alternative medicine includes plant based products. Appropriate measures to ensure the quality, safety and efficacy of these either already exist or are being answered by greater legislative control by such bodies as the Food and Drug Administration of the USA and the recently created European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products, based in London. In the USA, the Dietary Supplement and Health Education Act of 1994 recognised the class of phytotherapeutic agents derived from medicinal and aromatic plants. Furthermore, under public pressure, the US Congress set up an Office of Alternative Medicine and this office in 1994 assisted the filing of several Investigational New Drug (IND) applications, required for clinical trials of some Chinese herbal preparations. The significance of these applications was that each Chinese preparation involved several plants and yet was...
Second, and perhaps most helpful, are in-home assessments. In addition to standard consumption interviews and listing the prescriptions and home remedies that the elderly use, other data and relatively unobtrusive observations can be employed. These include a history of falls, grooming, odors present in the house (also, obviously, useful for an assessment of tobacco use), bruises at the level of furniture, tremors, incontinence, and many others (many of which could be associated with non-alcohol-related dementias or depression). Naturally, such an assessment would require considerable training and would obviously be available only for that minority of the elderly who receive home care from outside agencies.
Why patients use alternative medicine results of a national study. JAMA 1998 279 1548-53. Ernst E. Prevalence of use of complementary alternative medicine a systematic review. Bull World Health Organ 2000 78 252-7. Hayden CW, Bernstein CN, Hall RA, et al. Usage of supplemental alternative medicine by community-based patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Dig Dis Sci 2002 47 1-8. Hilsden RJ, Meddings JB, Verhoef MJ. Complementary and alternative medicine use by patients with inflammatory bowel disease an internet survey. Can J Gastroenterol 1999 13 327-32. Hilsden RJ,Verhoef MJ. Complementary and alternative medicine evaluating its effectiveness in inflammatory bowel disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis 1998 4 318-23. Hilsden RJ, Verhoef MJ, Best A, Pocobelli G. Complementary and alternative medicine use by Canadian patients with inflammatory bowel disease results from a national survey. Am J Gastroenterol 2003 98 1563-8.
Healing Powers Alternative Medicine, Spiritual Communities, and the State. Chicago, IL University of Chicago Press. Fuller, R. C. (1989). Alternative Medicine and American Religious Life. New York Oxford University Press. Hafner, A.W., Carson, J. G., and Zwicky, J. F., eds. (1992). Guide to the American Medical Association Historical Health Fraud and Alternative Medicine Collection. Chicago, IL American Medical Association Division of Library and Information Management. O'Connor, B. B. (1995). Healing Traditions Alternative Medicine and the Health Professions. Philadelphia, PA University of Pennsylvania Press. Salmon, J. W., ed. (1985). Alternative Medicine. Popular and Policy Perspectives. New York Tavistock. Sampson, W., and Vaughn, L., eds. (2000). Science Meets Alternative Medicine What the Evidence Says About Unconventional Treatments. Amherst, NY Prometheus Books. Whorton, J. C. (2002). Nature Cures The History of Alternative Medicine in America. New York...
The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) by the general public is very common (Ernst, 2000).Therefore, it is not surprising that gastroenterologists frequently encounter patients who are using or want to use CAM to treat their gastrointestinal (GI) condition. Often these patients have used CAM before the development of their Gi condition. others have no prior experience with CAM but now wish to pursue it. Patients learn about CAM through friends or family, books, the media, or the internet, or they may have seen complementary practitioners. Managing these situations can be difficult for gastroenterologists because they may not be knowledgeable about the therapy and are likely to be hesitant to support a therapy without strong scientific evidence of its efficacy and safety. We will briefly review what is currently known about the use of CAM in GI disease and provide practical guidelines for informing and counseling patients. Finally, we will recommend some useful sources...
Forty-eight hours later the nurses noticed that her entire forefoot had turned black and the foot clinic team was telephoned from the ward and told that she had 'spreading gangrene' (Fig. 6.30). The patient's daughter had visited the previous evening bringing with her some henna which is a traditional wound-healing folk remedy in North Africa. Unknown to the nurses she had made up a paste of henna and water and put it on her foot, which was the cause of the black staining. It was now difficult to assess the foot since the cellulitis and the colour of the wound bed were changed and masked by the henna, and she agreed not to repeat the process. The swelling associated with the infection reduced and the ulcer became smaller and dryer. We discuss folk remedies with our patients and try to be aware of local traditions
Complementary therapies are therapies that are used in addition to conventional (sometimes called Western ) medical treatments or interventions. Alternative therapies are therapies that are used in place of conventional medical treatments. The use of these therapies has increased dramatically over the years. In fact, a recent study of Americans found that, when prayer is included as a complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapy, 62 of Americans used CAM therapies in the preceding 12 months. But large clinical studies that compare a CAM therapy with a placebo or with a conventional treatment have rarely been funded, so making a case in support of using CAM therapies to prevent or treat osteoporosis is difficult. The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM), a division of the National Institutes of Health, divides CAM into the following categories
Until the last decades of the twentieth century, historians and social scientists of medicine, as well as medical policy analysts, generally assumed that medical sectarianism, unorthodox healers, and traditional or folk practices were disappearing as modern, scientific medicine became increasingly effective and powerful. Unorthodox practitioners, whether advocates of antiquated medical theories or leaders of novel cults, seemed to have little relevance to the medical marketplace, except as sources of colorful anecdotes. It came as a surprise to the medical community when surveys conducted during the 1990s revealed that more than 30 percent of all Americans had utilized some form of alternative medicine, creating a multibillion dollar market. Further studies demonstrated that public interest in and usage of alternative medicine was increasing rather than decreasing. A major survey conducted in the early twenty-first century indicated that over 40 percent of Americans had used or were...
Indwelling epidural and intrathecal access systems have been effectively used for some patients with intractable chronic pain and to deliver opiates and other drugs, such as clonidine and baclofen. A variety of electrical stimulation techniques, including peripheral (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation), spinal, and cerebral stimulations have been used for various somatic pain conditions, as well as for angina pectoris, with encouraging results. Acupressure is another alternative medicine technique that has been
Germanium (atomic number, 32 atomic weight, 72.59) is contained in soil, plants, and animals as a trace metal. It is widely used in the industrial fields because of its semiconductive capacity. The increased use of natural remedies and trace elements to protect, improve, or restore the health has lead regular supplementation with germanium salts either through food addition or by the means of elixirs and capsules. The chronic supplementation by germanium salts was at the origin of the development of chronic renal failure secondary to a tubulointerstitial nephritis 9-12 .
The term alternative therapies indicates therapies used instead of orthodox medical treatments (BMA, 1993). In the US, the former office of alternative medicine of the National Institutes of Health coined the term complementary and alternative medicine, or CAM, to encompass both approaches. This term includes a much broader spectrum of medical and therapeutic approaches to those used in palliative care.
National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine . Website of National Institutes of Health that has the goals of supporting rigorous research on CAM, training researchers in CAM, and disseminating information to the public, and professionals on which CAM modalities work, which do not, and why. The Web site includes several systematic reviews of various therapies for GI conditions.
Interest in probiotics has stemmed from the accumulating suggestive evidence that bacterial products play a role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) (Kleessen et al, 2002 Martin and Rhodes, 2000 Schultsz et al, 1999) and that certain beneficial bacteria may have anti-inflammatory properties (Borruel et al,2002). A small pilot study looked at four children with mild to moderate CD treated with Lactobacillus GG and showed significant improvement in mucosal permeability and clinical activity over the 6-month study period (Gupta et al, 2000). Little other data is available on pediatric CD. Despite this, many of our patients are using probiotics and other complementary and alternative therapies. There is a separate chapter on alternative medicines (Chapter 58, Complementary and Alternative Medicine in Gastrointestinal Disease ). Probiotics are discussed in chapters on ulcerative colitis (Chapter 78, Ulcerative Colitis ) and on pouchitis.
Medical Guide, and The Merck Manual of Medical Information Home Edition. In contrast to Tennent's 70-page pamphlet, modern guides to domestic medicine may approach 2,000 pages of advice on acute and chronic diseases, drugs, alternative medicine, medicinal herbs and nutraceuticals, diseases of unknown origin, death and dying, nutrition, and popular weight-loss diets.
In a similar vein, Taylor reviews research that establishes a positive relation between illusory perceptions of control and mental health. For example, depressed individuals have been found to have perceptions of control closer to reality than nonde-pressed individuals. Research assessing control has also demonstrated that when coping with a stressful experience, those individuals who feel a greater sense of control will tend to experience better psychological well-being, even when the sense of control is overestimated. For example, a patient dying of AIDS may experience better psychological well-being by choosing to use alternative medicine, thus obtaining some sense of personal control over the treatment of a disease that remains incurable.
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