Bladder Augmentation

Bladder augmentation is required in most cases to create a large compliant urinary reservoir [28,32,35,36]. It is not known just how much bowel can be "stolen" from the gastrointestinal tract for this purpose without any deleterious effect on nutrition or, in cases that have had a pull-through, on continence [29,35]. Gas-trocystoplasty, or a gastric reservoir, has been favored by some to avoid shortening of the bowel [35,41], sometimes with an additional ileocystoplasty to improve compliance [35]. The ileum and colon can also be used for augmentation in selected cases [28,32,41].

Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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