1. Bai Y, Yuan Z, Wang W, Zhao Y, Wang H, Wang W (2000) Quality of life for children with fecal incontinence after surgically corrected anorectal malformation. J Pediatr Surg 35:462-464

2. Charlson ME, Johanson NA, Williams PG (1991) Scaling, scoring, and staging. In: Troidl H, Spitzer WO, McPeek B, Mulder DS (eds) Principles and Practice of Research. Springer, New York, pp 192-200

3. Diseth TH, Emblem R (1996) Somatic function, mental health, and psychosocial adjustment of adolescents with anorectal anomalies. J Pediatr Surg 31:638-643

4. Ditesheim JA, Templeton JM Jr (1987) Short-term v long-term quality of life in children following repair of high im-perforate anus. J Pediatr Surg 22:581-587

5. Fukuya T, Honda H, Kubota M, Hayashi T, Kawashima A, Tateshi Y, Shono T, Suita S, Masuda K (1993) Postoperative MRI evaluation of ARM with clinical correlation. Pe-diatr Radiol 23:583-586

6. Fukata R, Iwai N, Yanagihara J, Iwata G, Kubota Y (1997) A comparison of anal endosonography with electromyog-raphy and manometry in high and intermediate anorectal anomalies. J Pediatr Surg 32:839-842

7. Hedlund H, Peña A, Rodriguez G, Maza J (1992) Long-term anorectal function in imperforate anus treated by a posterior sagittal anorectoplasty: manometric investigation. J Pediatr Surg 27:906-909

8. Holschneider AM (1983) Elektromanometrie des Enddarms. 2. neubearbeitete, erweiterete Auflage. Urban and Schwarzenberg, München-Wien-Baltimore

9. Holschneider A, Hutson J, Peña A, Beket E, et al (2005) Preliminary report on the International Conference for the Development of Standards for the Treatment of Anorectal Malformations. J Pediatr Surg 40:1521-1526

10. Holschneider AM, Jesch NK, Stragholz E, Pfrommer W (2002) Surgical methods for ARM from Rehbein to Peña - Critical assessment of score systems and proposal for a new classification. Eur J Pediatr Surg 12:73-82

11. Holschneider AM, Metzer EM (1974) Elektromanome-trische Untersuchungen der Kontinenzleistung nach rek-toanalen Fehlbildungen. Z Kinderchir 14:405-412

12. Iwai N, Ogita S, Kida M, Fujita Y, Majima S (1979) A clinical and manometric correlation for assessment of postoperative continence in imperforate anus. J Pediatr Surg 14:538-543

13. Iwai N, Yanagihara J, Tokiwa K,Takahashi T (1989) Rec-toanal pressure studies and postoperative continence in imperforate anus. Prog Pediatr Surg 24:115-120

14. Jones NM, Humphreys MS, Goodman TR, Sullivan PB, Grant HW (2003) The value of anal endosonography compared with magnetic resonance imaging following the repair of ARM. Pediatr Radiol 33:183-185

15. Kelly JH (1972) The clinical and radiological assessment of anal continence in childhood. Aus N Z J Surg 42:62-63

16. Kiesewetter WB, Chang JHT (1977) Imperforate anus: a five to thirty year follow-up perspective. Prog Pediatr Surg 10:111-120

17. Kiesewetter WB, Turner RC (1963) Continence after surgery for imperforate anus: a critical analysis and preliminary experience with the sacroperineal pull-through. Ann Surg 158:498-502

18. Liem NT, Hau BD (2001) Long-term follow-up results of the treatment of high and intermediate ARM using a modified technique of posterior sagittal anorectoplasty. Eur J Pediatr Surg 11:242-245

19. Ludman L, Spitz L (1995) Psychosocial adjustment of children treated for anorectal anomalies. J Pediatr Surg 30:495-499

20. Ludman L, Spitz L, Kiely EM (1994) Social and emotional impact of faecal incontinence after surgery for anorectal abnormalities. Arch Dis Child 71:194-200

21. Ong N-T, Beasley SW (1990) Comparison of clinical methods for the assessment of continence after repair of high anorectal anomalies. Pediatr Surg Int 5:233-237

22. Ong N-T, Beasley SW (1991) Long-term continence in patients with high and intermediate anorectal anomalies treated by sacroperineal (Stephens) rectoplasty. J Pediatr Surg 26:44-48

23. Partridge JP, Gough MH (1961) Congenital abnormalities of the anus and rectum. Br J Surg 49:37-40

24. Peña A (1995) Anorectal malformations. Semin Pediatr Surg 4:35-47

25. Rintala RJ, Lindahl H (1995) Is normal bowel function possible after repair of intermediate and high ARM? J Pediatr Surg 30:491-494

26. Rintala RJ, Lindahl HG, Rasanen M (1997) Do children with repaired low ARM have normal bowel function? J Pediatr Surg 32:823-826

27. Rintala R, Mildh L, Lindahl H (1992) Fecal continence and quality of life in adult patients with an operated low anorectal malformation. J Pediatr Surg 27:902-905

28. Rintala RJ, Lindahl HG (2001) Fecal continence in patients having undergone posterior sagittal anorectoplasty procedure for a high anorectal malformation improves at adolescence, as constipation disappears. J Pediatr Surg 36:1218-1221

29. Schuster T, Lagler F, Pfluger T, Dietz HG, Joppich I (2001) A computerized vector manometry and MRI study in children following posterior sagittal anorectoplasty. Pedi-atr Surg Int 17:48-53

30. Scott JE, Swenson O, Fisher JH (1960) Some comments on the surgical treatment of ARM. Am J Surg 99:137-143

31. Stephens FD, Smith ED (1986) Classification, identification, and assessment of surgical treatment of anorectal anomalies. Pediatr Surg Int 1:200-205

32. Stephens FD, Smith ED, Paul NW (1988) ARM in children: Update 1988. March of Dimes Birth Defect Foundation. Original Series Vol. 24 (4). Alan R. Liss, New York

33. Templeton JM, Ditesheim JA (1985) High imperforate anus - quantitative results of long-term fecal incontinence. J Pediatr Surg 20:645-652

Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment