Renal Dysplasia

Renal dysplasia is seen in patients with both low and high ARM [27,30]; the incidence varies from 2 to 8%. The diagnosis of dysplasia has been made in a variety of ways including pathological specimens and by nuclear renography. The latter technique is not as accurate. In addition to dysplasia, patients with ARM may also have a multicystic dysplastic kidney, which is nonfunctioning. This abnormality appears less commonly, in about 1-3% of patients [27,30]. The importance of dysplasia and renal agenesis cannot be overlooked, as chronic renal failure is one of the major causes of mortality in these patients [27].

Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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