Source: Adapted with permission from reference 21.

Source: Adapted with permission from reference 21.

Table 1.4. Demographics of population with penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer

Age (mean)

71-77 years

History of hypertension 85%

Smoking 72%

Known coronary artery disease 61% Thoracic or abdominal aortic aneurysm 38-53%

Peripheral arterial disease 17%

Prior stroke 12%

Chronic renal insufficiency 31%

Source: Adapted from references 22-24.

statistical significance, there was a trend toward a lesser proportion of Mar-fan syndrome patients among those with intramural hematoma compared with classic aortic dissection (5.4% vs. 0%; p = 0.11). The anatomic location of aortic involvement was significantly different between the groups, with aortic dissection presenting twice as often as type A than type B, whereas intramural hematoma presented more often as type B.

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