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48 McEniery CM, Yasmin, Hall IR, Qasem A, Wilkinson IB, Cockcroft JR: Normal vascular aging: differential effects on wave reflection and aortic pulse wave velocity: the Anglo-Cardiff Collaborative Trial (ACCT). J Am Coll Cardiol 2005;46:1753-1760.

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72 Klein R, Klein BE, Tomany SC, Cruickshanks KJ: The association of cardiovascular disease with the long-term incidence of age-related maculopathy: the Beaver Dam Eye Study. Ophthalmology 2003;110:1273-1280.

73 Safar ME, Blacher J, Pannier B, Guerin AP, Marchais SJ, Guyonvarc'h PM, London GM: Central pulse pressure and mortality in end-stage renal disease. Hypertension 2002;39:735-738.

74 Hirose K, Tomiyama H, Okazaki R, Arai T, Koji Y, Zaydun G, Hori S, Yamashina A: Increased pulse wave velocity associated with reduced calcaneal quantitative osteo-sono index: possible relationship between atherosclerosis and osteopenia. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2003;88:2573-2578.

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78 Safar ME: Peripheral pulse pressure, large arteries, and microvessels. Hypertension 2004;44: 121-122.

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80 Mitchell GF, Vita JA, Larson MG, Parise H, Keyes MJ, Warner E, Vasan RS, Levy D, Benjamin EJ: Cross-sectional relations of peripheral microvascular function, cardiovascular disease risk factors, and aortic stiffness: the Framingham Heart Study. Circulation 2005;112:3722-3728.

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88 Ciuffetti G, Schillaci G, Innocente S, Lombardini R, Pasqualini L, Notaristefano S, Mannarino E: Capillary rarefaction and abnormal cardiovascular reactivity in hypertension. J Hypertens 2003;21:2297-2303.

89 Cirillo M, Stellato D, Laurenzi M, Panarelli W, Zanchetti A, De Santo NG: Pulse pressure and isolated systolic hypertension: association with microalbuminuria. The GUBBIO Study Collaborative Research. Kidney Int 2000;58:1211-1218.

Department of Medicine, State University of New York at Buffalo 3 Gates Circle, Buffalo, NY 14209 (USA)

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Diabetes 2

Diabetes 2

Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...

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