Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic syndrome characterized by chronic hyperglycemia due to insulin deficiency, insulin resistance or both. Diabetes is a chronic illness that requires long-term continuing medical care and patient self-management education in order to reduce the risk of acute complications. Diabetic patients can have a reasonably normal lifestyle if they comply with the appropriate medical and educational guidelines aimed to maintain healthy blood glucose levels and reduce the likelihood and progression of adverse macrovascular complications, e.g., CAD, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease; and microvascular complications, e.g., retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy.

Noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or type II diabetes is relatively common in all populations, with higher prevalence rates in people of African,

Caribbean, Native American, Latino, and South Asian ancestry. Type II diabetes and its concomitant complications require comprehensive models for prevention, detection, and treatment at all levels of care. Guidelines have been developed that provide effective management strategies for diabetes care [4-6].

Given the multidisciplinary nature of the work presented in this chapter, we devote the following section exclusively to the issues related to the management of type II diabetes, from initial diagnosis, regular, and targeted screening of low- and high-risk populations, to preventive care, and long-term management of diabetes, including management and follow-up, surveillance, and management of intercurrent illnesses.

Diabetes Sustenance

Diabetes Sustenance

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