Bipolar Disorder Uncovered

Stop With Bipolar Disorder

This ebook guide teaches you how to keep your symptoms of bipolar disorder under control and have a manageable, excellent life even with bipolar symptoms. You will be able to stop engaging in destructive behavior, get your emotions under control, and handle stress in the way that you usually envy everyone else doing. It is not fair that you are afflicted with this; bipolar disorder is under-diagnosed and tends to affect your live and lives of those you love in a powerful, often negative way. You can put that behind you now. You no longer have to live that way. This ebook guide teaches you how to tell your negative symptoms to take a hike, and MAKE them do so. You do not have to feel guilt over your disorder. You cannot help it. But now, we can help you control it, and manage your symptoms so you can have the normal life you deserve. Read more here...

Bipolar Disorder Stop Summary


4.6 stars out of 11 votes

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Author: Tito
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My Bipolar Disorder Stop Review

Highly Recommended

I usually find books written on this category hard to understand and full of jargon. But the writer was capable of presenting advanced techniques in an extremely easy to understand language.

All the modules inside this book are very detailed and explanatory, there is nothing as comprehensive as this guide.

Married To Mania

This eBook is the key to knowing if you are married to a bipolar spouse, and gives you the keys to what to do about it. Often, being married to a bipolar spouse can be one of the hardest things you go through in your life because emotions in your house can change drastically, and completely without warning. This book gives you the tools to deal with unexpected anger outbursts and guilt that many spouses feel. This book will teach YOU how to deal with feelings of guilt that you may feel towards yourself, even though you have done everything you possibly can to make your marriage work. When you get this eBook, you can order a physical copy of the book and get FREE shipping. Also, you get two bonus eBooks when you order: The Spouse's Guide to Bipolar Disorder Vocabulary, which give you the tools you need to talk to doctors and psychiatrists, and The Bipolar Disorder Rolodex which gives you the latest in bipolar disorder research. It is hard to go through a bipolar marriage without help; now you don't have to.

Married To Mania Summary

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Author: Julie Fast
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Depression and Bipolar Disorder

Inpatients and outpatients with bipolar disorder have also been shown to obtain a V > P pattern on the Wechsler tests (Hoff et al., 1990 Nair, Muller, Gutbrodt, Buffet, & Schwartz, 1979). A sample of 35 inpatients with bipolar disorder (46 male mean age 36.5 years 29 not medicated, 71 on lithium or another medication) obtained a 5.8-point V > P profile (Hoff et al., 1990). Additionally, a sample of 21 outpatients with bipolar disorder (38 male, mean age 50), all on lithium therapy, obtained an 11-point V > P profile (WAIS V-IQ 97.7 and P-IQ 86.9 Nair et al., 1979). The sample's worst performance was in Digit Symbol, although the most interesting finding was the significant negative correlation between Performance IQ and duration of lithium therapy (r -.52). The lowest P-IQs were earned by patients with bipolar disorder who had been on lithium therapy for the longest time. Those on lithium for the longest time also tended to be characterized by mental slowness. This slowness,...

Bipolar Disorder

Depressed mood and a major depressive episode may be part of bipolar disorders. However, what characterizes bipolar disorders is the occurrence of one or more manic episodes. The DSM-IV criteria for manic episode include a period of abnormally elevated, expansive, or irritable mood lasting at least 1 week, plus three or more of the following seven symptoms There are two subtypes of bipolar disorders Bipolar I involves full-blown manic episodes, and Bipolar II involves less intense, manic-like episodes, known as hypomanic episodes. There is also a bipolar disorder that parallels dysthymia, called cyclothymia. It is a chronic disorder that is characterized by the presence of both hypomanic periods and depressive periods most of the time for at least 2 years. Both depressive and bipolar disorders include residual categories called, respectively, depressive disorder not otherwise specified'' and bipolar disorder not otherwise specified.'' In both cases, the disorders do not meet the full...

Clinical Features of Tourette Syndrome

Tourette syndrome (TS) is characterized by chronic waxing and waning motor and vocal tics and usually begins between the ages of twelve and fifteen years and affects boys more frequently than girls. About half of the patients start with simple motor tics such as frequent eye blinking, facial grimacing, head jerking, shoulder shrugging, or with simple vocal tics such as throat clearing, sniffing, grunting, snorting, hissing, barking, and other noises. Most patients then develop more complex tics and mannerisms such as squatting, hopping, skipping, hand shaking, compulsive touching of things, people, or self, and other stereotypical movements. The tics may change from one form to another. Although described as a lifelong condition, up to one third of patients eventually achieve spontaneous remission during adulthood. Coprolalia, echolalia, and echopraxia are the most dramatic symptoms of TS, but are present in a minority of patients. In addition to the motor and vocal tics described...

Similarities among Disorders of Motivation and Arousal

Among the various disorders of motivation and arousal discussed in this section there are obvious differences, but also underlying similarities. Dys-thymia and depression both involve a significant reduction in motivation and arousal associated with chronic feelings of hopelessness, as though an unsatisfying outcome to one's efforts were already determined. Anxiety disorders are characterized by an intensification of arousal often combined with avoidance of what is assumed to be an inevitably dangerous outcome. Bipolar disorder, in the manic phase, is marked by intense exaggeration of arousal and an often pathological intensity of certain motivations the depressive aspect, whether phasic or mixed, falls to the opposite extreme.

More Specialized Treatments

As mentioned earlier, some persons with ADD syndrome also suffer from severe learning disorders such as reading disorder, math disorder, or disorder of written expression. During the school years, they are likely to need special education services in addition to treatment for ADD impairments. Others with ADD syndrome are actively caught up in abuse or dependence on alcohol, marijuana, or other drugs for them, effective treatment of their substance abuse will be required before their ADD impairments can adequately be alleviated. Still others with ADD syndrome may have chronic and severe problems with panic attacks or OCD. And severe social impairments on the Asperger's autistic spectrum or severe problems with mood regulation, depression, or bipolar disorder can also complicate the patient's struggles with ADD syndrome. Detailed information about treatment options for ADHD in combination with these various comorbid disorders is the primary focus of my edited textbook Attention Deficit...

Nontricyclic Antidepressants

The other nonstimulant medication recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics (2001) as a second-line treatment for ADHD is bupro-prion (BUP). Marketed under the brand names Wellbutrin and Zyban, buproprion is classified as an antidepressant, but its chemical structure is quite different from that of most other medications in this class. BUP acts on the noradrenergic system and indirectly on the dopaminergic system. Controlled studies have found BUP to be effective for treating ADHD in children (two trials) and adults (two trials). One open-label study found BUP useful for treating patients with ADHD and comorbid bipolar disorder. Wilens and colleagues (2002) suggested that treatment with BUP for ADHD patients should be initiated at 37.5 mg and increased every three or four days up to a maximum of 300 mg daily in younger children and 450 mg daily in older children or adults. Adverse effects may include excessive activation, irritability, insomnia, and (rarely) seizures.

Generalized Psychiatric Samples

Point Verbal superiority for Page and Steffy's group of patients with schizophrenia was reported previously, but these investigators also observed a 7 J4-point V > P profile for 46 patients described as neurotics, although they found a V-P difference of less than 1 point for 108 inpatients with personality disorders. In contrast to these V > P profiles, Hawkins, Sullivan, and Choi (1997) found a P V profile for a mixed psychiatric group of 33 patients (18 with major depression or bipolar disorder, 8 with substance abuse problems, 4 with impulse control disorders, and three with assorted other disorders). The lack of a V > P pattern in Hawkins et al.'s mixed psychiatric group may be related to the diversity of diagnoses in the sample. Generally, the results of the reviewed studies on depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and mixed psychiatric disorders support the finding of a V > P profile, although the results of the same basic WAIS-III factor index pattern for two...

Psychiatric Comorbidity Alcoholism Mood and Personality

Mood disorders are highly comorbid with eating disorders between 40 to 80 of patients with eating disorders will have an affective disorder during their lifetime (Braun et al, 1994). The presence of major depressive disorder or bipolar disorder complicates the examination and management of the patient with AN or BN. Actively depressed patients may feel hopeless and be more likely to resist treatment. In addition, because starvation is associated with a syndrome of depression, symptoms of eating disorders may mimic depression yet reverse rapidly with refeeding.

Thomas A Widiger And Stephanie Mullinssweatt

The question of whether mental disorders are discrete clinical conditions or arbitrary distinctions along dimensions of functioning is a long-standing issue (Kendell, 1975), but its significance is escalating with the growing recognition of the limitations of the categorical model (Widiger & Clark, 2000 Widiger & Samuel, 2005). Indeed, in the last 20 years, the categorical approach has been increasingly questioned as evidence has accumulated that the so-called categorical disorders like major depressive disorder and anxiety disorders, and schizophrenia and bipolar disorder seem to merge imperceptibly both into one another and into normality . . . with no demonstrable natural boundaries (First, 2003, p. 661). In 1999, a DSM-V Research Planning Conference was held under joint sponsorship of the APA and the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), the purpose of which was to set research priorities that would optimally inform future classifications. One impetus for this effort...

Future Directions In Genetic Studies Of Adhd 61 Endophenotypes for ADHD

Several family studies have investigated the effect of comorbid disorders on the familial-ity of ADHD. These studies (4,120-130) suggest that relatives of probands with ADHD and comorbid conduct disorder (CD) are at greater risk for ADHD than relatives of probands with ADHD alone and that ADHD and comorbid CD may represent a separate familial subtype. Data from Faraone (129) calculated the risk ratios (ks) of ADHD in relatives when different subtypes of ADHD are used to select families. Relative risk ratios varied from 4 to 5.4 among relatives of probands with ADHD alone but rose from 5 to 8.9 in relatives of probands with ADHD and CD or bipolar disorder. Twin studies also suggest that the genes that influence conduct disorder symptoms are the same as those that contribute to trait measures of ADHD (125,131,132). Overall the evidence reviewed suggests that ADHD and certain comorbid disorders represent groups in which genes exert a greater effect and may prove useful for the...

Depressive Disorders

The most commonly used diagnostic system in the United States is the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV). Depression is implicated primarily in what are termed the mood disorders. The mood disorders are themselves divided into two major categories the depressive disorders and the bipolar disorders. The depressive disorders are sometimes referred to as unipolar depressions, that is, mood disorders in which changes from normal mood occur in only one direction, toward depressed mood. Bipolar disorders exhibit bidirectional fluctuations, either to depressed mood or to abnormally euphoric (manic) mood states. It is recognized that mood disorders can be the result of general medical conditions as well as the result of the use or abuse of drugs and other substances. Mood disorders caused by drug use or abuse are not considered primary mood disorders. In the following section, the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for the more common mood disorders are...

Differential diagnosis

The main differential diagnosis of delirium is from a functional psychosis (such as schizophrenia and manic depression) and from dementia. Functional psychoses are not associated with obvious cognitive impairment, and visual hallucinations are more common in delirium. Dementia lacks the acute onset and markedly fluctuating course of delirium. Fleeting hallucinations and delusions are less common in dementia. It is important to note that delirium is commonly superimposed on a pre-existing dementia.

First Causal Therapy for SMA Patients

VPA has been shown to significantly increase SMN protein levels in fibro-blast cell lines treated with drug amounts ranging from 0.5 M to 50 M (Brichta et al. 2003). VPA is an FDA-approved drug that has been used in the therapy of epilepsy for more than three decades (Zaccara et al. 1988). More recently, VPA has also gained importance as anticonvulsant in manic depression, migraine, and dementia (Papatheodorou et al. 1995 Mathew et al. 2000 Lonergan et al. 2004). Although it is known that VPA up- or downregulates about 2 of genes (Pazin and Kadonaga 1997), severe side effects are relatively rare. Based on these data, a pilot trial with VPA in

Healthy Mood Management A Developmental Perspective

There appears to be a substantial genetic component in the more severe forms of depression, such as bipolar disorders and major depression. How this genetic influence is manifested physiologically is not yet known. Several biological abnormalities have been identified in subgroups of individuals exhibiting depression. However, most of them appear to occur during a depressed episode and to subside once a normal mood state is attained. None appear to be universally shared by clinically depressed individuals. Developmental influences also appear to be risk factors for depression, such as being born to a mother who is currently depressed, the loss of parents in childhood, and a high number of stressful life events. Social and environmental factors also have well-documented effects on depression. For example, poverty has been shown to account for approximately 10 of new cases of major depression.

Mood Disorders

Mood disorders are manifested as either depressive or manic episodes. Among the most serious of the mood disorders are major depressive disorder or unipolar depression, in which a patient only experiences depressive episodes, and bipolar disorder, in which a patient experiences both manic and depressive episodes or only manic episodes. The history and current use of pharmacological agents to treat these separate mood disorders differ. With regard to unipolar depression, amphetamines were first used in the late 1930s. In the 1950s, the tricyclic and tetracyclic antidepressants (TCAs) (e.g., imipramine, amoxapine) and MAOIs (e.g., phenelzine) were serendipitously discovered to elevate depressive moods. These prototypal compounds, however, affect many systems indiscriminately, have a slow action of onset, and produce numerous unwanted side effects that deter patient compliance. The largest new drug class of antidepres-sants includes SSRIs (e.g., fluoxetine). In general, the SSRIs are no...

Disorders of mood

Most people who become depressed do not also become manic, but a few do, although obviously at different times. Those who experience such mood swings are suffering from what has come to be known as bipolar disorder. Such mood swings might be quite rapid or might occur only occasionally. When in a manic phase a person becomes highly excited, hyperactive, constantly talking and seeing no need for sleep. This is far more than the exuberance that one might experience with normal elation or joy. In a manic phase the person is dancing about on a high wire, full of grandiose ideas and plans and might well go and spend huge sums of money or take completely impractical trips. He or she might

Emotions and health

Emotion always serves the function of giving information. It can be extreme, unusual, debilitating, painful, and so on, but information is always being provided. Emotional reactions are always simply emotional reactions they can never be abnormal. However, traditionally, emotions have been seen as contributing to the neuroses, the psychoses, to the affective disorders (such as bipolar disorder), to psychopathy and to excessive (or minimal) eating, alcoholism and drug abuse. But even in psychiatric conditions, emotions are perfectly normal with respect to what brings them about. They are just what they are, with no values attached to them. However, it is reasonable to say that emotions can be dysfunctional or dysregulational.


Dual Diagnosis Is Highly Prevalent in Community Samples First, epidemiological studies consistently show that dual diagnosis is highly prevalent in community samples. Each of these studies finds that people with mental illness are at greatly increased risk of having a co-occurring substance use disorder, and people with a substance use disorder are likewise much more likely to meet criteria for an Axis I mental disorder. For example, the Epidemiologic Catchment Area Study (ECA Regier et al., 1990) was the first large-scale study of comorbidity of psychiatric and substance use disorders in the general population, and documented high rates of dual diagnosis among both individuals with primary mental disorders and those with primary substance use disorders. Overall, individuals with a lifetime history of a mental illness had an odds ratio of 2.3 for a lifetime history of alcohol use disorder and 4.5 for drug use disorder, a clear illustration of how those with mental illness are at...

How Much Is Genetic

During the early 1970s, one of McKusick's students, Dr. Janice Ege-land, now a psychiatrist at the University of Miami, decided to make the huge commitment of time and energy that it would take for an outsider to win the trust of the Amish so that she could study the problem of manic-depressive illness (also called bipolar illness or bipolar disorder) in their community. Dr. Egeland's relationship with the Amish, which took nearly a decade to establish, has been ongoing for nearly 30 years. Serious depression, of which manic depression is one form, is among the most incapacitating, costly, and misunderstood illnesses in the Western world. A 1993 study estimated that each year 11 million Americans suffer bouts of clinical depression leading them to miss 290 million days of work. It estimated that this cost American business (in days lost from work and costs of care) more than 43 billion a year, ranking it second only to heart disease. Of the 11 million persons affected with clinical...

Understanding And Treating Bipolar Disorders

Understanding And Treating Bipolar Disorders

Are You Extremely Happy One Moment and Extremely Sad The Next? Are You On Top Of The World Today And Suddenly Down In The Doldrums Tomorrow? Is Bipolar Disorder Really Making Your Life Miserable? Do You Want To Live Normally Once Again? Finally! Discover Some Highly Effective Tips To Get Rid Of Bipolar Disorder And Stay Happy And Excited Always! Dont Let Bipolar Disorder Ruin Your Life Anymore!

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