Agouti type C retrovirus See DPC1 virus

Aguacate virus (AGUV) A tentative species in the genus Phlebovirus related to the sandfly fever virus group, not assigned to an antigenic complex. Isolated from Lutzomyia sp in central Panama and Canal Zone. Not reported to cause disease in humans.

Agua Preta virus Probably a herpes-like virus as determined by thin-section electron microscopy. Isolated from the bat, Carolloa subrufa, in Utinga Forest near Belem, Brazil.

AHL-1 cells (CCL 195) Cell line derived from the lung of a normal, adult, male Armenian hamster, Cricetulus migrato-rius.

Aichi virus (AiV) A cytopathic, small, round virus isolated from Pakistani children and Japanese travellers returning home from South-East Asia. Bio-physically and biochemically identical to enteroviruses, but with different poly-peptide bands and having no reaction to the neutralizing antibodies or PCR amplification methods for enteroviruses. A probable member of the Picornaviridae.

Yamashita T et al (1995) Microbiol Immun 39, 433

AIDS Acronym for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

AIDS-related complex A group of malignancies and infections that occur in the late stages of infection with Human immunodeficiency virus. See acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

AIDS virus See Human immunodeficiency virus types 1 and 2.

Aino virus (AINOV) A strain of Shuni virus in the genus Bunyavirus, belonging to the Simbu serogroup. Isolated from mosquitoes, Culex tritaeniorhynchus, in Nagasaki Prefecture, Kyushu, Japan and C. brevitar-sis in Queensland, Australia, when it was named Samford virus. Antibodies are present in cattle and horses. Not reported to cause disease in humans. Antigenically indistinguishable from Samford virus, and cross-reacts with Akabane virus in CFT but not in neutralization or hemagglutination inhibition tests. Aino and Samford appear to be identical viruses, so the name Samford has been dropped.

Doherty RL et al (1972) Aust Vet J 48, 81 Miura Y et al (1978) Microbiol Immun 22, 651 Takahashi K et al (1968) Japn J Med Sci Biol 21, 95

Akabane virus (AKAV)

Akabane virus (AKAV) A species in the genus Bunyavirus, belonging to the Simbu serogroup. Isolated from mosquitoes, but flies of Culicoides sp are the most probable vectors. Found in Guma Prefecture, Honshu, Japan and in Queensland, Australia. There is serological evidence to associate infection with epizootic bovine congenital arthrogryposis and hydranencephaly (A-H syndrome) in Japan and Australia. The syndrome has also been reported in Israel, Argentina, South Africa and Zimbabwe, caused by Akabane-related viruses of the Simbu antigenic group. Experimental infection of pregnant sheep and goats causes disease in the fetus. Not reported to cause disease in humans.

Goto Y et al (1978) Vet Microbiol 3, 89 Kurogi H et al (1976) Arch Virol 51, 67 Parsonson IM et al (1981) Am J Trop Med Hyg 30, 660

AKATA An EBV-infected cell line derived from a human Burkitt's lymphoma.

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