Argentine turtle herpesvirus Synonym for chelonid herpesvirus

Aride virus An unclassified arbovirus, isolated in suckling mice from a pool of ticks, Amblyomma loculosum, collected from dead roseate terns on Bird Island, Seychelles. Not known to cause disease in humans.

Converse JD et al (1976) Arch Virol 50, 237

arildone An aryl-alkyl-diketone (4-[6-(2-chloro-4-methoxyphenoxy) hexyl]-3,5-heptanedione) which inhibits replication of several viruses, including human poliovirus, at non-cytotoxic concentrations. Probably acts by inhibiting un-coating.

Diana GD et al (1977) J Med Chem 20, 750 McSharry JJ et al (1979) Virology 97, 307

Ariquemes virus A probable species in the genus Phlebovirus, isolated from male phlebotomine sandflies in Ariquemes, Rondonia State, in Brazil. Antigenically related to the Phlebotomus serogroup.

Arkonam virus (ARKV) A serotype of Ieri virus in the genus Orbivirus. Isolated from the mosquitoes Anopheles subpictus, A. hyrcanus and Culex tritaeniorhynchus in Tamil Nadu, India. Not reported to cause disease in humans.

Armstrong virus A strain of Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus in the genus Arenavirus.

Aroa virus (AROAV) A mosquito-borne species in the Flavivirus genus.

Arteriviridae A family of enveloped positive-stranded RNA viruses that was established in 1996; contains a single genus Arterivirus. Arteriviridae and Coronaviridae make up the order Nidovirales.

Snijder EJ and Meulenberg JJM (1998) J Gen Virol 79, 961

Arterivirus A genus of positive single-stranded RNA viruses which includes Equine arteritis virus, Lactate dehydroge-nase-elevating virus, Porcine respiratory and reproduction syndrome virus, and Simian hemorrhagic fever virus. Virions are 60nm in diameter having an isometric nucleo-capsid 35nm in diameter and an envelope containing 12-15nm ring-like surface structures. Virion density (CsCl): 1.17-1.20g/ml. The genome RNA is 13kb in length, positive-stranded, and infectious with a 5' terminal cap and a 3' terminal poly A tract. Leader-containing mRNAs are synthesized during replication forming a 'nested-set' similar to Coronaviridae. Individual viruses are not related antigenically and each infects a different single species. The primary host cells are macrophages. No known arteriviruses infecting humans have been identified.

Plagemann PGW and Moennig V (1992) Adv

Virus Res 41, 99

Snijder EJ and Meulenberg JJM (1998) J Gen Virol 79, 961

arthropod-borne Virus which multiplies in an arthropod and is transmitted to its animal or plant host(s) by this route.

artificial top component Name given to picornavirus empty capsids produced by heating virions.

Aruac virus (ARUV) An unassigned vertebrate rhabdovirus. Isolated from the mosquito, Trichoprosopon theobaldi, in Trinidad. Not reported to cause disease in humans.

Aruana virus (ARNV) A probable species in the genus Orbivirus, isolated from phlebotomine sandflies in the Amazon region of Brazil. Antigenically related to Changuinola virus.

Arumateua virus (ARMV) A probable species in the genus Bunyavirus, isolated from anopheline mosquitoes in the Amazon region of Brazil.

Arumowot virus (AMTV) A tentative species in the genus Phlebovirus not sero-logically related to other members of that genus. Isolated from the mosquito, Culex antennatus, the mice, Thamnomys macmil-lani and Lemniscomys striatus, a shrew of Crocidura sp, the Kusu rat, Arvicanthis niloticus, and Kemp's gerbil, Tatera kempi, in Sudan, Nigeria, Ethiopia and the Central African Republic. Not reported to cause disease in humans.

ARV AIDS-related virus. See Human immunodeficiency virus type 1.

ascitic fluid Fluid from the peritoneal cavity of mice. Used in raising monoclonal antibodies in large quantities following injection of hybridoma cells into the peritoneal cavity. Can also be used in the culture of Encephalomyocarditis virus.

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