Baboon endogenous virus BaEV A

species in the genus Gammaretrovirus. A vertically transmitted endogenous virus which is present in multiple copies in many Old World primate species. Remarkable sequence conservation is maintained between different species of primate. Isolated from a baboon, Papio cynocephalus, by co-cultivation of the cells with various mammalian cells. Replication was most efficient in fetal canine thymus cells. Virus can be isolated directly from placental extract. The virus designated M7 has reverse transcriptase and group-specific protein immunologi-cally distinct from other C-type viruses. It also contains an env gene homologous to that of a Deltaretrovirus. However, there is strong sequence relationship to RD114 virus, suggesting that the cat endogenous virus may have evolved from this baboon endogenous virus. Synonym: baboon C-type virus.

Schnitzer TJ (1979) J Gen Virol 42, 9

van der Kuyl AC et al (1995) J Virol 69, 5917

baboon herpesvirus Synonym for Cercopithecine herpesvirus 12.

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