Biundulant meningoencephalitis virus

Synonym for Tick-borne encephalitis virus.

Bivens Arm virus (BAV) An unassigned species in the family Rhabdoviridae. Isolated from Culicoides insignis. Not known to cause disease.

Gibbs EPJ et al (1989) Vet Microbiol 19, 141

BKpolyomavirus (BKPyV) A species in the genus Polyomavirus. Distinct from JC polyomavirus and other members of the genus. Agglutinates human group O erythrocytes. Originally isolated from the urine of a patient on immunosuppressive therapy after renal transplantation. Presence of antibodies in humans suggests it is a common infection of humans, probably of the kidneys, usually silent but activated by immunosuppressive therapy. Can be propagated in Vero cells, human diploid lung fibroblasts (WI 38) or primary human fetal kidney cells. Has not been associated with progressive multifo-cal leukoencephalopathy. Transforms rat and hamster cells in culture and is onco-genic on injection into newborn hamsters. Has been associated with mild respiratory disease in children. Synonym: polyomavirus hominis.

Goudsmit J et al (1982) J Med Virol 10, 91 Imperiale MJ (2000) Virology 267, 1 Marshall WF et al (1990) J Clin Microbiol 28, 1613

Black Creek Canal virus (BCCV) A species in the genus Hantavirus. The cause of a non-lethal case of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in Florida, USA. Host is the cotton rat, Sigmodon hispidus.

Rollin PE et al (1995) J Med Virol 46, 36

black-footed penguin herpesvirus Synonym for sphenicid herpesvirus 1.

black stork herpesvirus Synonym for ciconiid herpesvirus 1.

black-tailed deer adenovirus A probable species in the genus Mastadenovirus. Causes a hemorrhagic disease in black-tailed deer, Odocoileus hemionus columbianus. The virus is closely related to Bovine adenovirus B.

Lapointe JM et al (1999) Arch Virol 144, 393

blind passage Transmission of material from an inoculated animal or cell culture which shows no evidence of infection, to a fresh animal or cell culture. Evidence of infection may appear after several such blind passages.

BLO-11 cells (CCL 198) A fibroblast-like cell line derived from the abdominal wall muscle of a 30-day-old male Blotchy mouse (Moblo/Y) with hereditary emphysema.

blood borne virus infections Many virus infections can be present in blood for short periods when viremia occurs during infection. Other infections remain chronic and persistent in the blood, and blood destined for transfusion is screened by a variety of methods to remove any positive units to eliminate transfusiontransmission of virus infection. In the USA, viruses eliminated by routine screening include Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Human immunodeficiency viruses 1 and 2, and human T-cell lymphotropic viruses I and II.

Bloodland Lake virus (BLLV) A strain of

Prospect Hill virus in the genus Hantavirus, isolated from voles, Microtus ochrogaster, in the USA and Canada. Not known to be associated with disease in humans.

blotched snakehead virus A probable species in the genus Aquabirnavirus found in a fish cell line.

John RK and Richards RN (1999) J Gen Virol 80, 2061

blotting A technique to transfer DNA, RNA or protein to an immobilizing matrix such as nitrocellulose or nylon filters or diazobenzyloxymethyl paper. See Northern blotting, Southern blotting, and Western blotting.

blue comb virus An early name for Turkey coronavirus, the cause of turkey blue comb disease, also known as transmissible enteritis of turkeys.

blue ear disease A rapidly fatal disease of piglets. See Porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus.

blue eye Keratitis in dogs, 1-2 weeks after canine adenovirus infection.

blue fox parvovirus A tentative species in the genus Parvovirus. Related to Mink enteritis virus. Isolated from the blue fox, Alopex lagopus.

Veijalainen PM and Smeds E (1988) Am J Vet Res 49, 1941

bluegill hepatic necrosis reovirus A strain of Aquareovirus A, related to American oyster reovirus 13p2.

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