Bovine mammillitis virus Synonym for

Bovine herpesvirus 2.

Bovine papillomavirus (BPV) A species in the genus Papillomavirus with four genotypes, bovine papillomaviruses 1 to 4 (BPV-1 to -4), originally recognized by restriction enzyme digest patterns of viral DNA. A natural infection of cattle causing papillomas with underlying fibroma mainly on the head, neck, legs, back and abdomen but also in mouth and esophagus. The same or similar virus may be involved in the etiology of bladder tumors and carcinomas of the upper alimentary tract. Experimental inoculation of BPV types 1 or 2 produces slowly growing fibrosarcomas on injection into hamsters and C3H/EB mice, and connective tissue tumors (sarcoids) in horses. The other types seem to be restricted in host range to cattle. Causes transformation of embryo cultures of mouse,

Bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV)

hamster and bovine tissues. Virus particles (full or empty) agglutinate mouse erythrocytes at 4°C between pH 6.8 and 8.4. Elutes readily at 37°C. Receptors not destroyed by influenza virus neur-aminidase.

Chen EY et al (1982) Nature 299, 529 Lancaster WD and Olson C (1982) Microbiol Rev 46, 191

Bovine papular stomatitis virus (BPSV) A

species in the genus Parapoxvirus. Causes a usually benign, non-febrile disease, most often in young cattle. There are cra-teriform ulcers up to 1cm in diameter in the mouth. Some strains may infect sheep and goats. Transmission to humans is reported, causing local skin lesions, similar to those caused by Orf virus or by Pseudocowpox virus.

Synonyms: erosive stomatitis virus of cattle; papular stomatitis of cattle virus; pseudo-aphthous stomatitis of cattle virus; stomatitis papulosa of cattle virus; ulcerative stomatitis of cattle virus.

Gassman U et al (1985) Arch Virol 83, 17 Menna A et al (1979) Arch Virol 59, 145

Bovine parainfluenza virus 3 (BPIV-3) A

species in the genus Paramyxovirus first isolated from cattle with shipping fever in the USA. Related to Human parainfluenza virus 3, but can be distinguished by a variety of tests including reaction with monoclonal antibodies and genome sequence analysis. Widespread endemic infection of cattle populations worldwide. Replicates in a variety of cells in vitro, including calf, goat, buffalo and camel kidney cell cultures. Inoculation of calves causes fever, conjunctivitis and rhinitis.

Synonym: shipping fever virus.

Rydbeck R et al (1987) J Gen Virol 68, 2153 Shibuta H et al (1979) Microbiol Immun 23, 617 Shioda T et al (1988) Virology 162, 388

Bovine parvovirus (BPV) A species in the genus Parvovirus, first known as Haden (hemadsorbing enteric) virus. A common infection of cattle; can cause enteritis and diarrhea in calves. Has usually been isolated from fecal specimens from calves with enteric disease, but can be isolated from many tissues after injection into colostrum-deprived calves. The only strains antigenically different from the original Haden strain of Bovine parvovirus have been isolated in Japan. Unrelated antigenically to other parvoviruses. Agglutinates erythrocytes of several species including guinea pig and humans. Replicates in bovine embryo kidney cell cultures with CPE. Synonyms: bovine hemadsorbing enteric virus; Haden virus; hemadsorbing enteric virus of calves.

Cotmore S and Tattersall P (1987) Adv Virus Res 33, 91

Storz J and Bates RC (1973) J Am Vet Med Assoc 163, 884

Bovine polyomavirus (BPyV) A species in the genus Polyomavirus, originally isolated from a stump-tailed macaque kidney cell culture. After a few passages the cells showed vacuolation and signs of degeneration. Subsequently, an identical virus was isolated from cultured kidney cells of a newborn calf, and it became clear that the stump-tailed macaque virus was of bovine origin, probably introduced into the culture as a contaminant of fetal calf serum. Antibodies to the virus have been found in persons having close contact with cattle, e.g. 71% of veterinary practitioners tested in the UK. Infection has not been associated with disease in humans or cattle.

Synonyms: stump-tailed macaque virus; fetal rhesus kidney virus.

Parry J et al (1983) Arch Virol 78, 151 Schuurman R et al (1990) J Gen Virol 71, 1723

Bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV)

A species in the genus Pneumovirus. Causes a mild to severe respiratory disease in cattle. Widespread in most European countries, North America, Australia, Japan and North Africa. Replicates in bovine kidney and lung cell cultures causing syncytia. Also replicates in swine embryonic kidney cells, hamster lung and kidney cells, monkey Vero cells and human embryonic lung and kidney cells. Inactivated by lipid solvents. Reciprocal antigenic cross-reaction with Human respiratory syncytial virus. Synonym: respiratory syncytial virus of bovines.

Lehmkuhl HD et al (1979) Am J Vet Res 40, 124 Stott EJ and Taylor G (1985) Arch Virol 84, 1

bovine respiratory viruses

bovine respiratory viruses Respiratory disease is an important problem in the cattle industry. Viruses appear to be the primary cause but stress and weather play an important role and viral infection predisposes to bacterial invasion. The viruses are:

Alcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Bovine adenovirus (A, B and C) Bovine ephemeral fever virus Bovine herpesvirus 1 and 4 Bovine parainfluenza virus 3 Bovine respiratory syncytial virus bovine rhinoviruses 1-3 Bovine viral diarrhea viruses 1-2 Mammalian orthoreoviruses

Mohanty SB (1978) Adv Vet Sci Comp Med 22, 83

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