Cache Valley virus CVV A strain of

Bunyamwera virus in the genus Bunyavirus. Isolated in N Dakota, Maryland, Virginia and Indiana, USA and in Jamaica. Mosquito-borne. Antibodies are found in humans, monkeys, horses, cattle, deer and wild rodents. Not reported to cause disease in humans.

Blackmore CGM and Grimstad PR (1998) Am J Trop Med Hyg 59, 704

Inverson JO et al (1979) Can J Microbiol 25, 760

Cacipacore virus (CPCV) A tentative species in the genus Flavivirus with no known vector. Isolated from the black-faced antbird, Formicarius analis, in Para, Brazil.

CaCo2 cell line A continuous human colon adenocarcinoma cell line derived from a 72-year-old Caucasian male. Can be used for isolation and growth of human astro-viruses.

Willcocks MM et al (1990) Arch Virol 113, 73

Caddo Canyon virus (CDCV) An unas-signed, ungrouped member of the Bunyaviridae family. Isolated from the tick, Ixodes baergi.

caesium chloride density gradient cen-trifugation Method for separating molecules or viruses according to their density. Sedimentation ceases when the molecules reach the position in the gradient that is the same as their own buoyant density, termed 'the isopycnic point'.

Caimito virus (CAIV) A tentative species in the genus Phlebovirus, antigenically unrelated to other members of the genus. Isolated from the fan fly, Lutzomyia lephi-lator, in central Panama. Not reported to cause human disease.

Cajazeira virus (CAJV) An unclassified virus isolated from the viscera of bats of undetermined species in the Amazon region of Brazil.

Calabazo virus (CALV) A species in the genus Hantavirus. Isolated from cane mice, Zygodontomys brevicauda, in Panama. Not so far associated with human disease

Vincent MJ et al (2000) Virology 277, 14

Calchaqui virus (CQIV) A tentative species in the genus Vesiculovirus. Isolated from mosquitoes, Aedeomyia squamipennis, in Argentina.

Calisher CH et al (1987) Am J Trop Med Hyg 36, 114

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