Tentative species in the genus Parapoxvirus. Causes lesions similar to those produced by Goatpox virus, but the lesions are primarily around the lips and mouth, and infrequently on the udder, thighs, anus, nostrils and eyes. Antigenically different from Goatpox virus and the two do not cross-protect. An important cause of disease in sheep, and a live vaccine is used. As virus remains active in scabs for a long period the vaccine is used annually. Occurs in many parts of the world.
Synonyms: contagious ecthyma virus; chamois papillomavirus.
Renshaw HW and Dodd AG (1978) Arch Virol 56, 201
chamois papillomavirus Synonym for chamois contagious ecthyma virus.
Chandipura virus (CHPV) A species in the genus Vesiculovirus. Antigenically related to Vesicular stomatitis virus. Isolated from a man with dengue/chikungunya-like disease, in Nagpur, Maharashtra, India. Also isolated from sandflies, Phlebotomus sp, and a hedgehog, Atelerix sp, in Nigeria.
Chandiru virus (CDUV) Does not exist. See Candiru virus.
Chang conjunctiva cells (CCL 20.2) Wong-Kilbourne derivative. A clone (1-5c-4) will support replication of influenza viruses.
Chang liver cells (CCL 13) A heteroploid cell line established from non-malignant human liver. One of the original successful attempts in serial propagation of human cells from normal tissues and named after the man who accomplished it.
Changuinola virus (CGLV) A species in the genus Orbivirus. There are many serotypes. Isolated from sandflies (Phlebotomus sp) and small rodents in Panama. Has also been isolated from a mosquito catcher with a febrile illness.
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