Enteroviruses 6871 See human enteroviruses 6871

enterovirus 72 The original name for the virus now known as Hepatitis A virus.

Entomopoxvirinae A subfamily in the family Poxviridae containing the poxviruses of insects. There are three genera: entomopoxvirus A, B and C.

entry site The ribosome attachment site on the virus or cellular mRNA that is available for initial binding of transfer RNA during translation.

enucleated cells Eukaryotic cells from which the nuclei have been removed with little loss of cytoplasm. Used to study whether virus replication events require nuclear functions.

envelope The outer coat of large viruses such as Influenza virus or paramyx-oviruses. Strictly, the outer lipoprotein coat of viruses which mature by budding through the cell membrane. Such viruses are inactivated by lipid solvents, e.g. chloroform or ether. Synonym: peplos.

env gene One of the genes in the genome of the retroviruses. Codes for the major gly-coprotein found on the surface of the viral envelope, hence the name.

enviroxime A benzimidazole derivative that inhibits rhinovirus replication in vitro.

Philpotts RJ et al (1981) Lancet i, 1342

enzootic A disease constantly present in an animal community in a defined geographic region but affecting only a small number of animals at any one time. Analogous to endemic.

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