Japanese hemagglutinating virus

Sendai virus.

Jari virus (JARIV) A serotype of Changuinola virus in the genus Orbivirus. Isolated from the sloth, Choloepus didacty-lus, in Para, Brazil.

Jatobal virus A possible species in the genus Bunyavirus, isolated from a carnivore Nasua nasua in the Amazon region of Brazil. Not associated with disease in humans. It is a reassortant virus containing one segment (S) derived from Oropouche virus.

Jatuarana virus A possible species in the genus Orbivirus, isolated from phle-botomine sandflies in the Amazon region of Brazil. Antigenically related to

Changuinola virus.

JC polyomavirus (JCPyV) A species in the genus Polyomavirus. Antigenically distinguishable from BK virus and SV40 virus. Agglutinates human group O erythrocytes. Originally isolated from the brain of a patient with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) by inoculation of homogenized brain tissue into primary human fetal glial cell cultures. Has been clearly identified as the cause of PML, as well as renal disease and upper respiratory tract infections. Can be propagated in primary human fetal glial cell cultures which show a CPE in 3-4 days. Presence of antibodies suggests it is a common human infection with roughly 60% seroconversion by age 12 years. The virus persists following primary infection as an infection of the kidney, with excretion into the urine from which it can readily be isolated. Immunosuppression due to AIDS or drug treatments later in life cause reactivation and disease, including PML. Highly oncogenic in newborn hamsters, especially on i.c. injection. The use of PCR to genotype JCV DNA has led to a geno-typing method which can be used to trace human migrations.

Chang D et al (1999) Arch Virol 144,1081 Major EO et al (1992) Clin Microbiol Rev 5, 49 Sugimoto C et al (1997) Proc Natl Acad Sci 94, 9191

JD254 virus (DGKV) A serotype of Dera Ghazi Khan virus in the genus Nairovirus. Isolated from ticks.

Jedda virus A probable species in the genus Flavivirus, which caused a fatal hemorrhagic fever in 1995 in Jedda, Saudi Arabia. Related by sequence homology (80%) to Langat virus, and later shown to be a strain of Kyasanur Forest disease virus. Synonym: Fakeeh virus.

Jembrana disease virus (JDV) A probable species in the genus Lentivirus. A bovine lentivirus first recognized in the Bali district of Indonesia in 1964 where it causes an acute disease in Bali cattle, Bos javani-cus, leading to death in 1-2 weeks.

Jena virus (JV) A non-cultivatable bovine enteric calicivirus associated with diarrhea in calves and first described in Jena, Germany. Phylogenetic studies based on partial RNA polymerase sequences indicate that within the Caliciviridae JV is most closely related to the group 1 'Norwalk-like viruses'.

Jensen sarcoma cell line (CCL 45) This cell line was established in 1958 from the tumor tissue of a rat sarcoma initiated in


Jerry Slough virus

Jerry Slough virus A strain in the genus Bunyavirus, belonging to the California serogroup. Isolated from the mosquito, Culiseta inornata, in Kern County, California, USA. Antigenically very closely related to Jamestown Canyon virus. Not known to cause disease in humans.

Jeryl Lynn B vaccine A strain of attenuated mumps virus vaccine, obtained after multiple passages of the original virus, obtained from Jeryl Lynn, daughter of vaccinologist Maurice Hillemann. Licensed in 1967.

Hilleman MR (1999) Immun Rev 170, 7

JH virus A cytopathogenic agent isolated in the USA at the Johns Hopkins University from adults and children with mild respiratory disease, originally classified as echovirus 28, then reclassified as human rhinovirus 1A.

JHM strain of mouse hepatitis virus Synonym for mouse hepatitis virus type 4. A neurotropic variant. JHM indicates association with Professor J Howard Mueller of Harvard.

Nagashima K et al (1978) Adv Exp Med Biol 100, 395

Robb JA and Bond CW (1979) Virology 94, 352 Wege H et al (1979) J Gen Virol 42, 37

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