JHM virus See JHM strain of mouse hepatitis virus

Jijoye cells (CCL 87) A cell line derived from ascitic fluid of an African black boy with Burkitt's lymphoma of the liver. The cells contain an unidentified herpes-like virus.

JKT-6423; JKT-6969; JKT-7041; JKT-7075 viruses Indonesian isolates of probable members of the genus Coltivirus, family Reoviridae.

Joa virus (JOAV) A serotype of Frijoles virus in the genus Phlebovirus. Not reported to cause disease in humans.

Joest-Degen bodies Acidophilic intranuclear inclusion bodies found in the brain cells of horses infected with Borna disease virus. Pathognomonic.

Johnston Atoll virus (JAV) An unassigned arbovirus. With Quaranfil virus forms the Quaranfil serogroup. Isolated from a tick, Ornithodoros capensis, from the nest of a common noddy tern on Sand Island, Johnston Atoll in the central Pacific. Also isolated in South Island, New Zealand and Queensland, Australia. Not known to cause disease in humans. Virions are enveloped with three major polypeptides.

Austin FJ (1978) Am J Trop Med Hyg 27, 1045

Joinjakaka virus (JOIV) An unassigned vertebrate rhabdovirus. Isolated from a pool of mixed culicines in the Sepik district of New Guinea. Not reported to cause disease in humans.

Jones virus An isolate (prototype strain) of reovirus type 2 from a child with diarrhea.

Josiah virus A strain of Lassa virus.

Juan Diaz virus (JDV) A strain of Bushbush virus in the genus Bunyavirus. Isolated from a sentinel mouse in Panama. Not reported to cause disease in humans.

Jugra virus (JUGV) A species in the genus Flavivirus, related to Yellow fever virus. Isolated from mosquitoes and a bat in peninsular Malaysia. Not reported to cause disease in humans.

Juncopox virus (JNPV) A species in the genus Avipoxvirus, isolated from a North American sparrow, Junco hyemalis. Closely related to Fowlpox virus by DNA restriction analysis.

Beaver DL and Cheatham WJ (1963) Am J Pathol 42, 23

Junin virus (JUNV) A species in the genus Arenavirus belonging to the Tacaribe serogroup. One of the South American hemorrhagic fever viruses. Causes Argentine hemorrhagic fever, a disease of corn-harvesters in Buenos Aires, Cordoba and Santa Fe provinces. Characterized by fever, leukopenia, exanthema and renal involvement. Mortality rate probably 3-15% but most cases recover without sequelae. Transmission from humans to humans rarely, if ever, occurs. Isolated from wild rodents and transmission to

JV1 virus humans is probably via contamination with rodent urine and feces. The vector rodent species is Calomys musculinus. Experimental infection of guinea pigs causes hemorrhagic disease with depression of the immune response. A disease very like that in humans is produced in the New World primate, Callithrix jacchus. Thymectomy protects mice against the lethal effects of infection. Causes chronic carrier state in wild rodents and persistent infection in cell cultures. Replication in wide range of cell cultures usually without CPE, but Vero cells are best for isolation, usually with CPE, although some cells survive to form a chronically infected culture.

Synonyms: Argentine hemorrhagic fever virus; endo-epidemic hemorrhagic fever virus; O'Higgins disease virus.

Childs JE and Peters CJ (1993) In The Arenaviridae, edited by M Salvato. New York: Plenum Press, p. 331

Romanowski V (1993) In The Arenaviridae, edited by M Salvato. New York: Plenum Press, p. 51 Weissenbacher MC et al (1979) Intervirology 11, 363

Juquitiba virus A probable species in the genus Hantavirus, identified by sequence analysis of human tissues of fatal cases of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in Brazil in 1994. The virus has not yet been isolated, nor has the rodent vector been identified.

Jurona virus (JURV) A tentative species in the genus Vesiculovirus. Not assigned to an antigenic group. Isolated from mosquitoes in Para, Brazil. Not reported to cause disease in humans.

Juruaqa virus An unclassified arbovirus recovered from the viscera of an undetermined bat in the Amazon region of Brazil.

Jutai virus A possible species in the genus Orbivirus, isolated from phlebotomine sandflies in the Amazon region of Brazil. Antigenically related to Changuinola virus. Not associated with disease in humans.

Jutiapa virus (JUTV) A species in the genus Flavivirus, a member of the Modoc anti-genic subgroup. Isolated from the cotton rat, Sigmodon hispidus, in Guatemala. Not reported to cause disease in humans.

JV1 virus Synonym for echovirus 20.

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