Respirovirus A genus in the family

Paramyxoviridae. The type species is Sendai virus. Members of the genus have a hemagglutinin and a neuraminidase and have six transcriptional elements. All members encode a C protein. The unedited P mRNA encodes P and C, and editing by insertion of a single G accesses the open reading frame for V. In addition to Sendai virus, Simian virus 10, Bovine parainfluenza virus 3, and Human parainfluenza viruses 1 and 3 are members of the genus.

Restan virus (RESV) A serotype of Marituba virus in the genus Bunyavirus belonging to the C-group viruses. Isolated from Culex sp in Trinidad and Surinam. Can cause a febrile illness in humans.

Reston Ebola virus (EBOV) Filoviridae. In 1989 an outbreak of hemorrhagic fever occurred in a non-human primate facility in Reston, Virginia, USA involving Cynomolgus monkeys imported from the Phillipines. Ebola virus was diagnosed as the cause of the outbreak and all monkeys were destroyed. At least one case of demonstrated human infection occurred, but with no associated disease symptoms. Two further outbreaks occurred in association with monkeys imported from the same facility in the Phillipines, in Siena, Italy in 1992, and in Texas, USA in 1996. The company providing the monkeys has now ceased trading. The Reston Ebola virus is highly pathogenic for monkeys, and whilst it has been suggested that it may be less pathogenic for humans this has not been put to the test, for obvious reasons. The following strains of Reston Ebola virus are recognized: Reston Ebola virus Philippines; Reston Ebola virus Reston; Reston Ebola virus Siena; Reston Ebola virus Texas.

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