Simian enterovirus N203 SEVN203 A

tentative species in the genus Enterovirus.

Simian foamy virus Two species are recognized in the genus Spumavirus on the basis of oligonucleotide sequence studies. Nine serotypes were previously identified by recognition of foamy degeneration and syncytia formation in cell cultures from a number of different simian species: type 1, rhesus monkey, Macaca mulatta type 2, Formosan rock monkey, Macaca cyclopsis

Table S1. Simian adenoviruses

Current nomenclature virus

Strain

Species of origin

Proposed nomenclature adenovirus

SV1 (M1)

301

Macaca fascicularis

SAdV-1

SV11 (M5)

8045-2 WN

M. mulatta

SAdV-2

SV15 (M4)

AP 4398

M. mulatta

SAdV-3

SV17 (M6)

6630-IC

M. mulatta

SAdV-4

SV20 (M7)

P4

M. mulatta

SAdV-5

SV23 (M2)

74932 WK

M. mulatta

SAdV-6

SV25 (M8)

646776

M. mulatta

SAdV-7

SV30

P5

M. fascicularis

SAdV-8

SV31

P6

Macaca sp

SAdV-9

SV32 (M3)

P7

Macaca sp

SAdV-10

SV33 (M10)

P10

M. mulatta

SAdV-11

SV34

A 7644

M. mulatta

SAdV-12

SV36 (M11)

P9

Macaca sp

SAdV-13

SV37

E 4382

M. mulatta

SAdV-14

SV38

702707

M. mulatta

SAdV-15

SA7

C-8

Cercopithecus aethiops

SAdV-16

SA17

B 105

C. aethiops

SAdV-17

SA18

C 626

C. aethiops

SAdV-18

AA153

AA153

Papio cynocephalus

SAdV-19

V340

V 340

C. aethiops

SAdV-20

C-1

Bertha

Pan satyrus

SAdV-21

Pan 5

CV-23

P. satyrus

SAdV-22

Pan 6

CV-32

P. satyrus

SAdV-23

Pan 7

CV-33

P. satyrus

SAdV-24

type 3, African green monkey, Cercopithecus aethiops type 4, squirrel monkey, Saimiri sciureus type 5, African bush baby, Galago crassi-

caudatus panganiensis types 6 and 7, chimpanzee type 8, spider monkey, Ateles sp type 9, capuchin monkeys type 10, chimpanzee type 11, orangutan, Pongo pygmaeus type 12, gorilla-SFV-Gg

Cross-neutralization studies show only neutralization by homologous antiserum, except type 7 which is neutralized by type 2 antiserum at low dilution (1/10). Complement fixation shows some anti-genic relationship between types 2 and 3 and 6 and 7. Virus has been recovered from throat washings but not from urine or feces. Virus has also been isolated from the cervix and placenta of a pregnant rhesus monkey and from the kidney of the fetus.

Bieniasz PD et al (1995) Virology 207, 217 Herchenroder O et al (1994) Virology 201, 187 Lowenstine LJ and Lerche NW (1988) J Zoo Anim Med 19, 168

McClure MO et al (1994) J Virol 68, 71

Simian foamy virus 1 (SFV-1) A species in the genus Spumavirus.

Simian foamy virus 3 (SFV-3) A species in the genus Spumavirus.

Simian hemorrhagic fever virus (SHFV) A

species in the genus Arterivirus. Causes asymptomatic acute or persistent infection in several species of African monkey including patas monkeys, Erythrocebus

Table S2. Strains of Simian immunodeficiency virus patas, a natural host, but severe often fatal disease in rhesus macaque monkeys. There is high fever, facial edema, splenomegaly and severe hemorrhagic diathesis. Replicates in rhesus monkey cell cultures with CPE. Non-pathogenic on injection into mice. Genome is positive single-stranded RNA, about 15.7kb in length. There are four structural proteins. Diameter 50-60nm, with a lipid envelope and 12-15nm surface peplomers. Labile at pH 3 and inactivated by chloroform.

Brinton MA (1999) In Encyclopedia of Virology, Second edition, edited by A Granoff and RG Webster. London: Academic Press, p. 89

simian hepatitis A virus (SHAV) A strain of Hepatitis A virus in the genus Hepatovirus. Isolated from cynomolgus and African green monkeys. Related to human hepatitis A virus, and cross-reacts serologically, but genetically distinct from all human isolates.

Nainan OV et al (1991) J Gen Virol 72,1685 Tsarev SA et al (1991) J Gen Virol 72, 1677

Simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) A

species in the genus Lentivirus. The first isolate was in 1984 from rhesus macaques, Macaca mulatta, and is called SIVmac. Subsequently, strains have been isolated from a range of simians including sooty managabey (SIVsm), Sykes monkey (SIVsyk) stump-tailed macaque (SIVstm), pig-tailed macaque (SIVmne), mandrill (SIVmnd), chimpanzee (SIVcpz), grivet (SIVgr-1) and African green monkey (SIVagm). Causes a disease known as simian AIDS in rhesus (Asian) or cynomolgus monkeys which simian immunodeficiency virus African green monkey 155 (SIV-agm.155) simian immunodeficiency virus African green monkey 3 (SIV-agm.3) simian immunodeficiency virus African green monkey Sab-1 (SIV-agm.sab) simian immunodeficiency virus African green monkey Tan-1 (SIV-agm.tan) simian immunodeficiency virus African green monkey TYO (SIV-agm.TYO) simian immunodeficiency virus African green monkey (SIV-agm) simian immunodeficiency virus chimpanzee SIV (SIV-cpz) simian immunodeficiency virus pig-tailed macaque (SIV-mne) simian immunodeficiency virus red capped managabey SIV (SIV-rcm) simian immunodeficiency virus Rhesus (Maccaca mulatta) (SIV-mac) simian immunodeficiency virus sooty managabey SIV-H4 (SIV-sm) simian immunodeficiency virus stump-tailed macaque (stm) (SIV-stm) simian immunodeficiency virus Sykes monkey SIV (SIV-syk)

is remarkably similar to AIDS in humans. In their own species of monkey, SIV viruses appear to be non-pathogenic. Human infection with SIV has occurred in persons working with the virus or handling monkeys. There is no evidence of disease in these cases, the virus of which is called SIVhu (Table S2).

Khabbaz RF et al (1994) New Engl J Med 330, 172 Novembre FJ et al (1998) J Virol 72, 8841 Sasseville VG et al (1999) In Encyclopedia of Virology, Second edition, edited by A Granoff and RG Webster. London: Academic Press, p. 1640

simian papillomavirus A possible species in the genus Papillomavirus. A natural infection of cebus monkeys causing papillomas. Papillomas can be transmitted experimentally to both New and Old World monkeys. After injection of tissue extract, hyperemic patches appear within 2 weeks and then the epidermis becomes thickened to form a papilloma. No evidence of invasion of normal tissue, and regression occurs in 4-6 months. Synonym: monkey papillomavirus.

Lucke B et al (1950) Fed Proc Am Soc Exp Biol 9, 336

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