Anorectal Procedures

Anorectal afflictions have troubled the human race for millennia, but remain somewhat of an enigma to a majority of both physicians and laypersons. First described formally in the Chester Beatty Medical Papyrus, written about 1250 bc and further defined by Hippocrates around 400 bc (19), the treatment of these disorders has progressively improved with the wider dissemination of knowledge regarding them and the development of an increasing number of physicians trained specifically in their care (two of the most common anorectal conditions seen in the clinician's office are anal fissure and hemorrhoids). They are not uncommonly confused with one another as both can present with rectal bleeding. Their proper differentiation is crucial to the selection of the appropriate treatment modalities.

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