Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz Fam Asteracae

BAI ZHU

Atractylodes

Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz. (Fam. Asteracae)

I. Root; 2. Branch with flowers pharmaceutical name Radix Aucklandiae english name costus root part used dried root

Radix Aucklandiae is produced chiefly in India and the Chinese provinces of Yunnan and Sichuan. The root is collected in autumn, and used unprepared or after being stir-baked.

flavor, property, and channel tropism

Pungent and bitter in flavor, warm in property, acts on the Spleen, Stomach, Large Intestine, and Gallbladder channels.

For Deficient Spleen with distension in the epigastrium and abdomen, anorexia, vomiting, diarrhea, and greasy coating on the tongue, it is used with Radix Codonopsis (Dang Shen), Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae (Bai Zhu), and Fructus Amomi (Sha Ren).

dosage and administration

3 —10 g, decocted in water for an oral dose. For promoting the flow of Qi and removing Stagnation, it is used unprepared. For arresting diarrhea, it is usually roasted.

precautions

Contraindicated for use in patients with hyperactive Fire due to Deficient Yin.

functions

Regulates the flow of Qi, normalizes the function of Spleen and Stomach, relieves pain.

clinical use and major combinations

For Stagnation of Spleen and Stomach Qi with anorexia, distension, and pain of the epigastrium and abdomen, borborygmus, and diarrhea, it is used with Fructus Aurantii (Zhi Qiao), Fructus Meliae Radicis (Chuan Lian Zi), and Rhizoma Corydalis Yanhusuo (Yan Hu Suo); for abdominal pain and diarrhea and dysentery due to Stagnation of Damp Heat of the Stomach and Intestines, it is used with Rhizoma Coptidis (Huang Lian) in "The Aucklandiae and Coptidis Pill" (Xiang Lian Wan); for diarrhea and dysentery with tenesmus due to stagnation of undigested food, it is used with Semen Arecae (Bing Lang), Fructus Aurantii (Zhi Qiao), Radix et Rhizoma Rhei (Da Huang), and Rhizoma Coptidis (Huang Lian) in "The Pill of Aucklandiae and Are-cae" (Mu Xiang Bing Lang Wan).

For dysfunction of the Liver and Gallbladder with symptoms of distension and pain in the hypochondriac regions, bitter taste in the mouth, and yellow coating on the tongue, it is used with Radix Bupleuri (Chai Hu), Radix Curcumae (Yu Jin), Fructus Aurantii (Zhi Qiao), Radix et Rhizoma Rhei (Da Huang), Herba Artemisiae Scopariae (Yin Chen), and Herba Lysimachiae (Jin Qian Cao).

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