Aucklandia lappa Decne or Saussurea Lappa Clarke Fam Asteraceae

MU XIANG

Saussurea Lappa

Aucklandia lappa Decne. (Fam. Asteraceae)

I. Root; 2. Leaf; 3. Branch with flower pharmaceutical name Caulis Bambusae In Taeniis english name bamboo shavings part used dried middle shavings of stem

Caulis Bambusae In Taeniis is produced mainly in southern China. It is collected in all seasons, used fresh or after being dried in sunlight, or used stir-baked with ginger juice.

flavor, property, and channel tropism

Sweet in flavor, slightly cold in property, acts on the Lung, Stomach, and Gallbladder channels.

functions

Resolves Phlegm Heat, relieves restlessness, and stops vomiting.

clinical use and major combinations For cough with thick, yellow sputum due to Lung Heat and for restlessness due to accumulation of Phlegm Heat in the Heart. For cough due to Lung Heat, it is used with Radix Scutellariae (Huang Qin) and Fructus Trichosanthis (Gua Lou). For stuffiness in the chest, copious sputum, and insomnia due to restlessness, it is used with Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae (Chen Pi), Sclerotium Poriae Cocos (Fu Ling), Rhizoma Pinelliae (Ban Xia), and Fructus Aurantii Immaturus (Zhi Shi) in the "Warm the Gallbladder Decoction" (Wen Dan Tang).

For vomiting due to Stomach Heat, it is used with Rhizoma Coptidis (Huang Lian). For vomiting due to Stomach Heat accompanied with Stomach Deficiency, it can be used with Pericarpium Citri Reticu-latae (Chen Pi), Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens (Sheng Jiang), and Radix Ginseng (Ren Shen) in "The Pericarpium Citri Rericulatae and Caulis Bambusae in Taeniis Decoction" ( Ju Pi Zhu Ru Tang).

dosage and administration

6—10 g, decocted in water for an oral dose.

precautions

None noted.

Bambusa tuldoides Munro, Sinocalamus beecheyanus (Munro) McClure var. pubescens P. F. Li, or Phyllostachys nigra (Lodd.) Munro var. henonis (Mitf.) Stapf ex Rendle (Fam. Poaceae)

ZHU RU

ZHU RU

Phyllostachys Nigra Var Henonis
Bambusa tuldoides Munro (Fam. Poaceae) Stalk and branch; 2. Leaves; 3. Stalks and shoots; 4. Shoot

pharmaceutical name Indigo Naturalis english name natural indigo part used leaf and stem

This herb is the dried powder or mass prepared from the leaf or the stem and leaf of Baphicacanthus cusia (Nees) Bremek. (Fam. Acanthaceae), Polygonum thinctorium Ait. (Fam. Polygonaceae) or Isatis indigotica Fort. (Fam. Brassicaceae).

flavor, property, and channel tropism

Salty in flavor, cold in property, acts on the Liver, Lung, and Stomach channels.

functions

Clears Blood Heat, removes Toxic Heat, and relieves convulsions.

clinical use and major combinations

For bleeding such as hematemesis, hemoptysis, and epistaxis due to Blood Heat, it is used alone or with Cacumen Platycladi (Ce Bai Ye) and Rhizoma Imperatae (Bai Mao Gen).

For infantile convulsions with fever and spasm, it is used with Ramulus Uncariae Cum Uncis (Gou Teng) and Calculus Bovis (Niu Huang).

For cough with thick sputum due to Lung Heat, it is used with Fructus Trichosanthis (Gua lou), Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae (Chuan Bei Mu), and Herba Spirocelae (Fu Ping).

For ulcers in the mouth, mumps, and pharyngitis, it is used internally or topically. It can be used alone or with Radix Scrophulariae (Xuan Shen), Flos Lonicerae (Jin Yin Hua), and Fructus For-sythiae Suspensae (Lian Qiao).

dosage and administration

1.5—3 g, used as pills or powder; cannot be used in decoction. It can also be mixed with water for external use.

precautions

Contraindicated for patients with Cold syndromes in the Stomach.

comparison

Indigo Naturalis (Qing Dai) and Folium Isatidis (Da Qing Ye): they have a similar function, but the former is more effective in clearing Heat from Blood and checking Endogenous Wind.

Baphicacanthus cusia (Nees) Bremek. (Fam. Acanthaceae), Polygonu thinctorium Ait., (Fam. Polygonaceae) Isatis indigotica Fort. (Fam. Brassicaceae).

QING DAI

QING DAI

Baphicacanthus Cusia
Baphicacanthus cusia (Nees) Bremek. (Fam. Acanthaceae) I. Branch with flowers; 2. Opened corolla showing stamen and pistal

pharmaceutical name Rhizoma Belamcandae english name blackberry lily rhizome part used rhizome

Rhizoma Belamcandae is produced chiefly in the provinces of Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, and Anhui. It is collected in autumn, dried in sunlight, and sliced after removal of the rootlets.

flavor, property, and channel tropism

Bitter in flavor, cold in property, acts on the Lung channel.

functions

Removes Toxic Heat, eliminates Phlegm, and soothes sore throat.

clinical use and major combinations

For sore throat with a lot of phlegm due to Lung Heat, it is used alone or with Radix Scutellariae (Huang Qin), Radix Platycodi (Jie Geng), and Radix Glycyrrhizae Uralensis (Gan Cao) or with Rhizoma Cimicifugae (Sheng Ma) and Lasiosphaera Seu Calvatia (Ma Bo).

For cough and dyspnea with copious expectoration due to accumulation of Toxic Heat, Phlegm, and Fire. For cough with a lot of phlegm, it is used with Cortex Mori (Sang Bai Pi), and Radix Platycodi (Jie Geng). For cough, and dyspnea with phlegm due to Lung Cold, it is used with Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens (Sheng Jiang), Herba Asari (Xi Xin), and Rhizoma Pinelliae (Ban Xia).

dosage and administration

6—10 g, decocted in water for an oral dose.

precautions

This herb is contraindicated during pregnancy.

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