Buddleia officinalis Maxim Fam Loganiaceae


Buddleia officinalis Maxim. (Fam. Loganiaceae) I. Upper part of the plant; 2. Fruit pharmaceutical name Venenum Bufonis english name toad venom part used gland of toad

Venenum Bufonis is usually made into a cake-like form, which is dried in sunlight and ground into powder.

flavor, property, and channel tropism

Sweet and pungent in flavor, warm in property, toxic, acts on Stomach channel.


Removes toxins and reduces swelling, relieves pain, and restores consciousness.

clinical use and major combinations

For sores, carbuncles, and sore throat, it is used with Moschus (She Xiang) and Calculus Bovis (Niu Huang), and Cinnabaris (Zhu Sha) in "The Six Wonderful Pills" (Liu Shen Wan).

For abdominal pain and diarrhea caused by sunstroke, it is used with Moschus (She Xiang) and Flos Syzygii Aromatici (Ding Xiang).

dosage and administration o.orj—0.03 g, used in pill or powder form. Appropriate amount for external use.


It is contraindicated during pregnancy.

Bufo bufo gargarizans Cantor and B. melanostictus Schneider (Fam. Bufonidae)


Bufo bufo gargarizans Cantor (Fam. Bufonidae)

pharmaceutical name Radix Bupleuri english name hare's ear root part used root

Radix Bupleuri is produced mainly in the provinces of Hebei, Henan, Liaoning, Shananxi, and Gansu. It is collected in spring and autumn, dried in sunlight, and sliced. The root can be used unprepared or stir-baked with wine or vinegar.

flavor, property, and channel tropism

Pungent and sweet in flavor, slightly warm in property, acts on the Gallbladder, Liver, Pericardium, and Triple Heater channels.


Reduces fever, spreads Liver Qi and relieves constraint, invigorates the Spleen Yang.

clinical use and major combinations

For alternating chills and fever caused by Cold, with bitter taste in the mouth and dry throat, flank pain, and vomiting, it is used with Rhizoma Pinel-liae (Ban Xia), Radix Codonopsis (Dang Shen), and Radix Scutellariae (Huang Qin).

For chest and flank pain, emotional instability, or menstrual problems due to Stagnant Liver Qi, it is used with Rhizoma Cyperi ( Xiang Fu) and Rhi-zoma Ligustici Chuansiong (Chuan Xiong). For irregular menstruation due to Stagnant Liver Qi, it is used with Radix Angelicae Sinensis (Dang Gui) and Radix Paeoniae Alba (Bai Shao).

For hemorrhoids, anal or uterine prolapse, and diarrhea due to Deficient Qi, it is used with Radix Ginseng (Ren Shen), Radix Astragali Membrana-ceus (Huang Qi), and Rhizoma Cimicifugae (Sheng Ma) in "The Decoction for Reinforcing Middle Heater in Ease Powder" (Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang).

dosage and administration

3 —to g, decocted in water for internal use.


Contraindicated for patients with tinnitus, deafness, dizziness, and headache caused by Fire due to Yin Deficiency and Hyperactive Liver Yang.

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