Bupleurum chnense DC or B scorzoneraefolium Wild Fam Apiaceae

CHAI HU

Bupleurum chínense DC. (Fam. Apiaceae) I. Branch with flower; 2. Root pharmaceutical name Scorpio english name scorpion part used dried body

Scorpio is produced chiefly in the provinces of Henan, Shandong, Hubei, and Anhui. It is captured in spring and autumn, boiled in water or salt water, and dried in sunlight.

flavor, property, and channel tropism

Pungent in flavor, neutral in property, toxic, acts on the Liver channel.

functions

Stops Wind to relieve convulsion, clears toxins, dissolves masses, and activates the channels to stop pain.

clinical use and major combinations

For acute and chronic convulsions, facial paralysis, and tetanus, it is used with Scolopendra (Wu Gong). For acute infantile convulsions, it is used with Rhizoma Gastrodiae (Tian Ma) and Ramulus Uncariae Cum Uncis (Gou Teng).

For chronic convulsions due to Spleen Deficiency, it is used with Radix Codonopsis (Dang Shen), Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae (Bai Zhu), and Rhizoma Gastrodiae (Tian Ma). For paralysis of mouth and eyes, it is used with Rhi-zoma Typhonii Gigantei (Bai Fu Zi) and Bombyx Batryticatus (Jiang Can) in "The Powder for Wry Faces" (Qian Zheng San). For tetanus, it is used with Radix Angelicae Dahuricae (Bai Zhi) and Periostracum Cicadae (Chan Tui). For sores, ulceration, and scrofula. For stubborn headache, and arthralgia due to Wind Dampness, it is used alone or with Scolo-pendra (Wu Gong) and Bombyx Batryticatus ( Jiang Can).

dosage and administration

2 — 5 g, ground into powder for swallowing, 0.6—I g, each time. Appropriate amount for external use.

precautions

Scorpio is poisonous and is not to be given in large dosages. Use cautiously in patients with endogenous Wind due to Blood Deficiency.

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