Celosa argentea L Fam Amaranthaceae

QING XIANG ZI

Celosía argentea L. (Fam. Amaranthaceae) i. Branch with flower; 2. Flower; 3. Seeds pharmaceutical name Cornu Cervi Parvum english name pilose deer antler part used young pilose antler of male

Cornu Cervi Parvum is the young pilose antler of the male Cervus nippon Temminck or Cervus elaphus Linnaeus (Fam. Cervidae). The former is known as Hua Lu Rong (sika deer pilose antler), the later known as Ma Lu Rong (red deer pilose antler). The horn is cut into slices or ground into powder for use.

flavor, property, and channel tropism

Sweet and salty in flavor, warm in property, acts on the Liver and Kidney channels.

functions

Reinforces the Kidney Yang, replenishes Vital Essence and Blood, strengthens muscles and bones.

clinical use and major combinations

For aversion to cold, coldness in the extremities, impotence, frequent urination, spermatorrhea, sterility due to uterine Coldness, soreness of the loins and knees, dizziness, deafness, and listlessness due to Deficiency of Kidney Yang and consumption of the Vital Essence and Blood, it is ground into a powder and used alone or with Radix Ginseng (Ren Shen), Radix Rehmanniae Preparata (Shu Di Huang), and Fructus Lycii (Gou Qi Zi).

For Kidney and Liver Deficiency with flaccid extremities, infantile maldevelopment, delayed walking and dentition, and infantile metopism, it is used with Radix Rehmanniae Preparata (Shu Di Huang), Rhizoma Dioscoreae (Shan Yao), and Fructus Corni (Shan Zhu Yu) in "The Rehmannia Bolus with Additional Ingredients" (Jia Wei Di Huang Wan).

For metrorrhagia, profuse leukorrhea due to Deficient Cold of the Chong and Ren channels or inconsolidation of the Dai channel. For metrorrha-gia, it is used with Radix Angelicae Sinensis (Dang Gui), Os Sepiae seu Sepiellae (Hai Piao Xiao), and

Pollen Typhae (Pu Huang); for profuse leukorrhea, it is used with Rhizoma Cibotii Barometz (Gou Ji) and Radix Ampelopsis (Bai Lian).

Cornu Cervi Parvum is used for deep-rooted carbuncles of a Yin nature or protracted ulcerations.

dosage and administration

I—3 g, ground to a fine powder and administered three times a day, or used in pill form.

precautions

Cornu Cervi Parvum should be used in small dosages. It is contraindicated for those with hyperactive Yang due to Yin Deficiency, Blood Heat, Excessive Fire in Stomach, Phlegm Heat in the Lung, and epidemic febrile diseases caused by ex-opathogens.

Cervus nippon Temminck or Cervus elaphus Linnaeus (Fam. Cervidae)

LU RONG

LU RONG

Rong Cervus Elaphus

Cervus nippon Temminck (Fam. Cervidae)

I. Unossified young pilose antler

Cervus nippon Temminck (Fam. Cervidae)

I. Unossified young pilose antler pharmaceutical name Fructus Chaenomelis english name flowering quince fruit part used dried nearly ripe fruit

Fructus Chaenomelis is produced chiefly in the provinces of Anhui, Zhejiang, Hubei, and Sichuan. Collected in summer and autumn, the fruit is dried in sunlight, sliced, and used unprepared.

flavor, property, and channel tropism

Sour in flavor, warm in property, acts on the Liver and Spleen channels.

functions

Soothes the channels and alleviates muscular contracture, dispels Dampness, and regulates Stomach function.

clinical use and major combinations

For rheumatic or rheumatoid arthritis, especially with muscular contracture, it is used with Gummi Olibanum (Ru Xiang), Myrrha (Mo Yao), and Radix Rehmanniae (Sheng Di Huang) in "The Chaenomelis Decoction" (Mu Gua Jian).

For edema and weakness of the legs, it is used with Fructus Evodiae (Wu Zhu Yu) and Semen Arecae (Bing Lang) in "The Cock Crowing Powder" (Ji Ming San).

For spasm with vomiting and diarrhea, Fructus Chaenomelis is used with Semen Coicis Lachryma-jobi (Yi Yi Ren), Rhizoma Coptidis (Huang Lian), and Fructus Evodiae (Wu Zhu Yu) in "The Silkworm Excrement Decoction" (Can Shi Tang). For indigestion.

dosage and administration

6—12 g, decocted in water for an oral dose.

precautions

None noted.

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