Cibotium barometz L J Sm Fam Cyantheaceae


Cibotium barometz (L.) J. Sm. (Fam. Cyantheaceae)

I. Root-tuber; 2. Leaves; 3. Part of leaves showing spore english name black cohosh rhizome, cimicifuga part used dried rhizome

Rhizoma Cimicifugae is produced chiefly in Liaon-ing, Heilongjiang, Hunan, and Shanxi provinces. Collected in summer and autumn, it is dried in sunlight. The rhizome is sliced after the hairy rootlets are removed and used unprepared or stir-fried.

flavor, property, and channel tropism

Pungent and sweet in flavor, slightly cold, acts on the Lung, Spleen, Large Intestine and Stomach channels.


Induces perspiration and promotes skin rash eruption, clears Heat, and clears Toxins.

clinical use and major combinations

For headache due to invasion of Wind Heat. It is often used with Radix Puerariae (Ge Gen), as in "The Puerariae Decoction" (Ge Gen Tang).

For measles with an early-stage rash, it is used together with Radix Arnebiae seu Lithospermi (Zi Cao), Fructus Arctii (Niu Bang Zi), and Folium Isatidis (Da Qing Ye).

For prolapse due to Deficiency of Qi of the Stomach and Spleen with such symptoms as shortness of breath, lassitude, and diarrhea, it is often used with Radix Bupleuri (Chai Hu), Radix Ginseng (Ren Shen), Radix Astragali Membranaceus (Huang Qi), and Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae (Bai Zhu), as in "The Decoction for Reinforcing Stomach and Spleen and Replenishing Qi" (Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang).

It is also used to guide other herbs upward.

dosage and administration

3 —io g, use stir-fried Rhizoma Cimicifugae for prolapse due to Deficiency of Qi of the Stomach and Spleen.


Contraindicated in cases of fully erupted measles, diseases due to Deficiency of Yin, or patients who have difficulty breathing.

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