Commiphora myrrha Engl Fam Burseraceae

MO YAO

Commiphora myrrha Engl. (Fam. Burseraceae) I. Stem with leaves; 2. Branch with fruit; 3. Leaf; 4. Fruit english name golden thread rhizome part used dried rhizome

Rhizoma Coptidis is grown chiefly in the middle and southern regions of China. After it is collected in autumn, the rootlets are removed. The rhizome is then dried in sunlight and used unprepared or stir-baked with ginger juice.

flavor, property, and channel tropism

Bitter in flavor, cold in property, acts on the Heart, Liver, Stomach, and Large Intestine channels.

functions

Removes Damp Heat, purges Fire, and counteracts toxicity.

clinical use and major combinations

For Damp-Heat with stuffiness and fullness of the abdomen or acute dysentery with jaundice; high fever accompanied by impairment of consciousness; restlessness and insomnia due to exuberant Fire; spitting of blood and epistaxis caused by Heat in the Blood; inflammation of the eyes; acid reflux; toothache; diabetes; carbuncles and sores; externally used for eczema and other skin diseases with exudation; purulent discharge from the ear.

dosage and administration

1.5—4.5 g, decocted in water for an oral dose or used in a bolus or as a powder. Appropriate quantity for external use.

precautions

Because this herb is very bitter and cold, it should not be used in large amounts or over a long period of time to avoid damage to the Stomach. It is contraindicated when vomiting is due to Stomach Cold or when diarrhea is due to Spleen Deficiency.

Coptis chinensis Franch., Coptis deltoidea C. Y. Cheng et Hsiao, or Coptis teeta Wall. (Fam. Ranunculaceae)

HUANG LIAN

HUANG LIAN

Coptis chinensis Franch. (Fam. Ranunculaceae) I. Whole plant with flowers; 2. Sepal; 3. Petal; 4. Fruit

english name Chinese caterpillar fungus part used whole mass of the stroma of the fungus and the larva of its host

Cordyceps Sinensis is produced mainly in the provinces of Sichuan, Qinhai, and Yunnan, and in Tibet. It is collected in summer, dried in sunlight, and used unprepared.

flavor, property, and channel tropism

Sweet in flavor, warm in property, acts on the Kidney and Lung channels.

functions

Tonifies the Kidney and Lung, stops bleeding and resolves Phlegm.

clinical use and major combinations

For impotence, seminal emission, and pain in the loin and knee, it is used alone or with Cortex Eucommiae Ulmoidis (Du Zhong), Herba Epi-medii (Yin Yang Huo), and Radix Morindae Officinalis (Ba Ji Tian).

For chronic cough and asthma with sputum and blood, it is used alone or in combination with other herbs that tonify the Lung and Kidney. For cough with sputum and blood due to Deficient Lung Yin, it is used with Colla Corii Asini (A Jiao) and Bulbus Bulbus Fritillariae Cirrhosae (Chuan Bei Mu).

Cordyceps is used for patients with spontaneous sweating, aversion to cold, or general weakness; it is decocted with chicken or pork.

dosage and administration

5—10 g, decocted in water for an oral dose, or used with chicken or pork in soup, or used in pills or as a powder.

precautions

It is contraindicated in patients with Exterior Excess.

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