Curcuma longa L or Curcuma aromatica Salisb Fam Zingiberaceae

JIANG HUANG

Tumbuhan Curcumae

Curcuma longa L. (Fam. Zingiberaceae) I. Whole plant with flowers; 2. Tuberous root and rhizome english name turmeric tuber part used dried root tuber

Radix Curcumae is produced chiefly in Zhejiang and Jiangsu provinces. It is collected in winter and autumn, cleaned, broiled, dried in sunlight, and sliced.

flavor, property, and channel tropism

Pungent and bitter in flavor, cold in property, acts on the Heart, Liver, and Gallbladder channels.

functions

Invigorates Blood to relieve pain, promotes flow of Qi to relieve depression, clears Heat from the Heart, cools Blood to stop bleeding, facilitates Gallbladder function.

clinical use and major combinations

For distension and pain of the chest, epigastrium, and abdomen, it is used with Radix Salviae Milti-orrhizae (Dan Shen), Radix Bupleuri (Chai Hu), Herba Moslae seu Elsholtziae (Xiang Ru), and Fructus Aurantii (Zhi Qiao). For dysmenorrhea due to constrained Liver Qi and congealed Blood, it is used with Radix Bupleuri (Chai Hu), Herba Moslae seu Elsholtziae (Xiang Ru), Radix Angelicae Sinensis (Dang Gui), and Radix Paeoniae Alba (Bai Shao).

For mental confusion and unconsciousness due to Phlegm accumulation.

For hematemesis, epistaxis, and hematuria due to Constrained Liver Qi with heat signs, it is used with Radix Rehmanniae (Sheng Di Huang), Cortex Moutan (Mu Dan Pi ), Fructus Gardeniae Jasmin-oidis (Zhi Zi), and Radix Achyranthis Bidentatae (Niu Xi).

For jaundice, it is used with Herba Artemisiae Scopariae (Yin Chen) and Fructus Gardeniae Jas-minoidis (Zhi Zi).

dosage and administration

6—12 g, decocted in water for an oral dose.

precautions

None noted.

Curcuma longa L., Curcuma aromatica Salisb., or less frequently C. zedoaria (Berg.) Rose. (Fam. Zingiberaceae)

YU JIN

YU JIN

Curcuma Alba
Curcuma longa L. (Fam. Zingiberaceae) I. Whole plant with flowers; 2. Tuberous root and rhizome

english name zedoray rhizome part used dried rhizome

Rhizoma Curcumae Zedoariae is produced mainly in the provinces of Guangxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Guangdong, Fujian, and Yunnan. It is collected in autumn and winter, steamed or boiled, sliced, and used unprepared or with vinegar.

flavor, property, and channel tropism

Pungent and bitter in flavor, warm in property, acts on the Liver and Spleen channels.

functions

Breaks up congealed Blood, promotes flow of Qi to relieve pain.

clinical use and major combinations

For amenorrhea, it is used with Rhizoma Spar-gani (San Leng), Rhizoma Ligustici Chuanxiong (Chuan Xiong), and Radix Achyranthis Bidentatae (Niu Xi). For masses in the abdomen, it is used with Rhizoma Spargani (San Leng), Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae (Dan Shen), and Carapax Ameydae Sinensis (Bie Jia).

For abdominal pain and distension due to food stagnancy, it is used with Rhizoma Spargani (San Leng), Radix Aucklandiae (Mu Xiang), Fructus Au-rantii Immaturus (Zhi Shi), and Fructus Crataegi (Shan Zha).

dosage and administration

precautions

This herb is contraindicated for use during pregnancy and for patients with menorrhagia.

Curcuma phaelculis Valeton, Curcuma kwangsiensis S. G. Lee et C. F. Liang, or Curcuma wenyujin Y. H. Chen et C. Ling (Fam. Zingiberaceae)

E ZHU

E ZHU

Curcuma Longa

Curcuma phaelculis Valeton (Fam. Zingiberaceae)

I. Root and flowers; 2. Upper part of the plant

Curcuma phaelculis Valeton (Fam. Zingiberaceae)

I. Root and flowers; 2. Upper part of the plant english name Chinese dodder seed part used ripe seed

Semen Cuscutae is grown in Jiangsu, Liaoning Jilin, and Hebei. Collected in autumn, the seed is dried in sunlight. It is used unprepared or pounded into mash and made into cakes.

flavor, property, and channel tropism

Pungent and sweet in flavor, neutral in property, acts on the Liver and Kidney channels.

functions

Tonifies both Kidney Yang and Kidney Yin to treat spontaneous emission and frequent urination, improves vision, and stops diarrhea.

clinical use and major combinations

For pain in the loins and knees, it is used with Cortex Eucommiae Ulmoidis (Du Zhong) and Rhizoma Dioscoreae (Shan Yao). For impotence and spontaneous emission, it is used with Fructus Lycii (Gou Qi Zi), Fructus Rubi Chingii (Fu Pen Zi), and Fructus Schisandrae (Wu Wei Zi). For frequent urination, it is used with Cornu Cervi Panto-trichum (Lu Rong), Ootheca Mantidis (Sang Piao Xiao), and Fructus Schisandrae (Wu Wei Zi).

For blurred vision and poor eyesight, it is used with Radix Rehmanniae Preparata (Shu Di Huang) and Semen Plantaginis (Che Qian Zi).

For poor appetite, loose stools, or diarrhea due to Spleen Deficiency, it is used with Radix Codonopsis (Dang Shen), Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae (Bai Zhu), and Radix Astragali Membranaceus (Huang Qi).

dosage and administration io—15 g, decocted in water for an oral dose.

precautions

It is contraindicated in patients with Excess Fire due to Yin Deficiency and with constipation.

Chinese Herbs

Chinese Herbs

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