Cuscuta chinensis Lam Cuscuta japnica Choisy Fam Convolvulaceae

TU SI ZI

Cuscuta Chinensis Lam

Cuscuta chinensis Lam. (Fam. Convolvulaceae) I. Whole plant; 2. Opened corolla; 3. Fruit; 4. Seed english name blackened swallowwort root part used dried root and rhizome

Radix Cynanchi Atrati is produced in every part of China. It is collected in autumn, and dried in sunlight.

flavor, property, and channel tropism

Bitter and salty in flavor, cold in property, acts on the Stomach and Liver channels.

functions

Removes Blood Heat, relieves dysuria, counteracts toxicity, and heals sores.

clinical use and major combinations

For febrile diseases with invasion of the Blood by pathogenic factors, and for fever due to Yin Deficiency or Blood Deficiency after delivery. For the latter case, the herb can be used with Radix An-gelicae Sinensis (Dang Gui), Radix Ginseng (Ren Shen), and Radix Glycyrrhizae Uralensis (Gan Cao) in "Decoction of Radix Cynanchi Atrati" (Bai Wei Tang).

For acute urinary infection, and for dysuria with hematuria, it is used with Herba Lophatheri Gracilis (Dan Zhu Ye), Pulvis Talci (Hua Shi), Caulis Ake-biae (Guan Mu Tong) and Radix Rehmanniae (Sheng Di Huang).

For sore throat, boils, and sores.

dosage and administration

3 —12 g, decocted in water for an oral dose, or made into a bolus or powder.

precautions

None noted.

Cynanchum atratum Bge. or Cynanchum versicolor Bge. (Fam. Asclepiadaceae)

BAI WEI

BAI WEI

Cynanchum atratum Bge. (Fam. Asclepiadaceae)

I. Root and branch; 2. Branch with flowers; 3. Fruit

Cynanchum atratum Bge. (Fam. Asclepiadaceae)

I. Root and branch; 2. Branch with flowers; 3. Fruit english name paniculate swallowwort root part used dried root and rhizome

Radix Cynanchi Paniculati is mainly grown in Jiangsu, Anhui, Hebei, and Hunan provinces. It is collected in autumn, dried in shade, sliced, and used unprepared.

flavor, property, and channel tropism

Pungent in flavor, warm in property, acts on the Liver and Stomach channels.

functions

Disperses Pathogenic Wind, relieves pain, and alleviates itching.

clinical use and major combinations

For various kinds of pain, including lower back pain, abdominal pain, toothache, and pain caused by traumatic injuries, rheumatic or rheumatoid arthritis. In recent years, it has been used to alleviate pain due to cancer as well as post-operative pain. Used alone or with other herbs.

For urticaria, eczema, and tinea, it is taken internally or decocted for washing, or it is used with Radix Sophorae Flavescentis (Ku Shen), Fructus Kochiae Scopariae (Di Fu Zi), and Cortex Dic-tamni (Bai Xian Pi).

dosage and administration

3 —10 g, decocted in water for a short period only; 1.5—3 g, if used as powder.

precautions

None noted.

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