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HUANG QI

Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch.) Bge. (Fam. Fabaceae) I. Branch with flowers; 2. Root; 3. Opened corolla showing petals; 4. Stamen pharmaceutical name dosage and administration

Rhizoma Atractylodis

5—io g, decocted in water for an oral dose.

atractylodes rhizome english name precautions

None noted.

part used dried rhizome

Rhizoma Atractylodis is the dried rhizome of Atractylodes lancea (Thunb.) DC. or Atractylodes chinensis (DC.) Koidz. (Fam. Asteraceae). A lancea is produced chiefly in the provinces of Jiangsu, Hubei, Maoshan, and Henan. The best quality material is found in Maoshan and Jiangsu. A. chinensis is grown in the provinces of Inner Mongolia, Hebei, Shanxi, Liaoning, and Heilongjiang. It is collected in spring and autumn, the hairy rootlets are removed, then the rhizome is dried in sunlight. The rhizome is then macerated in water, sliced, and stir-baked to a yellowish color for use.

flavor, property, and channel tropism

Pungent and bitter in flavor, warm in property, acts on Spleen and Stomach channels.

functions

Dries Dampness, invigorates the Spleen, expels Pathogenic Wind Dampness, improves eyesight.

clinical use and major combinations

For disturbance of the functions of Spleen and Stomach due to the accumulation of Dampness, with epigastric distention, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, lassitude, and a turbid, greasy tongue coating. Rhizoma Atractylodis is used with Cortex Mag-noliae Officinalis (Hou Po) and Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae (Chen Pi) in the "Peptic Powder" (Ping Wei San).

For rheumatic or rheumatoid arthritis due to Cold Dampness with aching, swelling, and weakness of the loins and knees, it is used with Rhizoma Notoperygii (Qiang Huo), Radix Saposhnikoviae (Fang Feng), Herba Asari (Xi Xin), or Cortex Phellodendri (Huang Bai).

For night blindness, it is used alone or with pig or lamb liver.

Atractylodes lancea (Thunb.) DC. or Atractylodes chinensis

DC. Koidz. (Fam. Asteraceae)

CANG ZHU

CANG ZHU

Atractylodes lancea (Thunb.) DC. (Fam. Asteraceae) I. Branch with flower; 2. Root; 3. Inflorescence

pharmaceutical name Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae english name atractylodes rhizome part used dried rhizome

Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae is produced mainly in the provinces of Zhejiang, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Fujian, and Anhui. It is collected in winter, dried in sunlight, and used unprepared or stir-baked.

flavor, property, and channel tropism

Bitter and sweet in flavor, warm in property, acts on the Spleen and Stomach channels.

functions

Tonifies the Qi and the Spleen, dries Dampness, stops sweating, and prevents miscarriage.

clinical use and major combinations

For poor appetite, loose stools, distension in the abdomen, or lassitude and weakness due to Deficient Spleen Qi, it is used with Radix Ginseng (Ren Shen), Sclerotium Poriae Cocos (Fu Ling), and Radix Glycyrrhizae Uralensis (Gan Cao) in "The Decoction of Four Noble Herbs" (Si Jun Zi Tang). For Deficiency type, it is used with Radix Codonopsis (Dang Shen), Rhizoma Zingiberis (Gan Jiang), and Radix Glycyrrhizae Uralensis (Gan Cao) in "The Decoction for Regulating the Function of Middle-Burner" (Li Zhong Tang). For poor appetite and the feeling of stuffiness and fullness in the stomach and abdomen due to Spleen Deficiency with food stagnation, it is used with Fructus Aurantii Immaturus (Zhi Shi).

For edema and Phlegm retention due to failure of the Spleen's transportation function and retention of Dampness in the interior. For relieving Phlegm, it is used with Ramulus Cinnamomi (Gui Zhi), Sclerotium Poriae Cocos (Fu Ling), and Radix Glycyrrhizae Uralensis (Gan Cao). For relieving edema, it is used with Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae (Chen Pi), Pericarpium Arecae (Da Fu Pi), and Pericarpium Poria (Fu Ling Pi).

For spontaneous sweating due to Deficient Spleen Qi and Exterior Deficiency, it is used with Radix Astragali Membranaceus (Huang Qi) and Fructus Tritici Levis (Fu Xiao Mai).

For threatened abortion due to Deficient Spleen Qi. In cases of Internal Heat, it is used with Radix Scutellariae (Huang Qin); in cases of feelings of fullness and stuffiness in the chest due to Stagnant Qi, it is used with Caulis Perillae (Zi Su Geng), Amomi Fructus (Sha Ren), and Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae (Chen Pi). In cases of lassitude and weakness due to Qi Deficiency, it is used with Radix Codonopsis (Dang Shen) and Sclerotium Poriae Cocos (Fu Ling). In cases of dizziness and palpa-tiond ue to Blood Deficiency, it is used with Radix Angelicae Sinensis (Dang Gui), Radix Rehmanniae Preparata (Shu Di ), Radix Angelicae Sinensis (Dang Gui), Radix Rehmanniae Preparata (Shu Di Huang), and Radix Paeoniae Alba (Bai Shao). In cases of pain in the lower back and abdomen, it is used with Cortex Eucommiae Ulmoidis (Du Zhong), Colla Corii Asini (A Jiao), and Radix Dipsaci ( Xu Duan).

dosage and administration

5—15 g, used unprepared for drying Dampness, stir-baked for Qi and Spleen tonification, and stir-baked with earth or baked to brown for strengthening the Spleen to stop diarrhea.

precautions

Not to be used for Yin Deficiency with internal heat or thirst due to consumption of body fluids.

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