Agastache rugosus (Fisch. EtMey.) O. Ktze. (Fam. Lamiaceae) I. Upper part of the plant; 2. Flower; 3. Opened calyx; 4. Opened corolla showing stamen; 5. Pistil pharmaceutical name Herba Agrimoniae english name agrimonia herb part used dried aerial part
Herba Agrimoniae is grown in most provinces in China. After it is collected in summer and autumn, the herb is washed, dried in sunlight, cut into pieces, and used unprepared.
flavor, property, and channel tropism Bitter and astringent in flavor, neutral in property, acts on the Lung, Liver, and Spleen channels.
Astringes Blood, relieves dysentery, kills parasites.
clinical use and major combinations
Herba Agrimoniae (Xian He Cao) is used to treat various kinds of bleeding, such as hemoptysis, epistaxis, metrorrhagia, and hematuria, whether due to Deficiency, Excess, Cold, or Heat. It is used alone or with other herbs. In cases due to Blood Heat, it is used in combination with herbs that arrest bleeding due to Blood Heat, such as fresh Radix Rehmanniae (Sheng Di Huang), Cortex Moutan (Mu Dan Pi), Fructus Gardeniae Jasminoidis (Zhi Zi), and Cacumen Platycladi (Ce Bai Ye). For menorrhagia due to Cold syndromes of a Deficiency type, it is used with Radix Codonopsis (Dang Shen), Radix Astragali Membranaceus (Huang Qi), Radix Rehmanniae Preparata (Shu Di Huang).
For chronic diarrhea and dysentery, 30 g of Herba Agrimoniae (Xian He Cao) and 10 g of Flos Hibisci (Bai Jin Hua) are used for an oral dose.
For patients with a normal appetite but with lassitude caused by overstraining, 30 g of Herba Agrimoniae (Xian He Cao) and 30 g of Fructus Zizyphi Jujubae (Da Zao) are decocted and taken daily to invigorate Qi and Blood.
For vulval itching due to Trichonomas vaginitis, a decoction of 120 g of Herba Agrimoniae (Xian He Cao) is used to wash the vagina; afterward a cotton ball soaked with the decoction is put into the vagina for 3 — 4 hours. Treat daily for at least one week.
For malaria, 30—60 g of Herba Agrimoniae (Xian He Cao) is decocted for an oral dose.
dosage and administration
The usual dosage is 10—15 g and the large dosage is 30—60 g, decocted in water for an oral dose. Appropriate quantity for external use.
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