• maintain a moist environment at the wound/dressing interface

• be impermeable to microorganisms, thus protecting against secondary infection

• allow gaseous exchange

• be easily removal without trauma

• be transparent, or changed frequently, thus allowing monitoring of the wound

• be acceptable to the patient, conformable and occupy a minimum of space in the shoe

• be cost-effective

• be available in hospitals and community health care centers

There is a broad spectrum of wound dressing materials currently available. Their particular properties and indications are described in Table 2.6 and the advantages and disadvantages of the available types of dressings are described in Table 2.7.

The characteristics required for optimal wound dressings have been described as follows. They should

• be free from particulate or toxic contaminants

• remove excess exudates and toxic components

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