Home Emergency Preparedness Guide
Usually, the prescription for your life-lenses is established in your childhood. People don't come into the world seeing themselves as inadequate, undeserving, entitled, or perfectionis-tic. Rather, they learn these patterns through repeated experiences. Life-lenses emerge from abuse, abandonment, betrayal, criticism, natural disasters, loss, rejection, and other emotionally powerful events.
An integrated approach to the control of LB is at an early stage of development, with the objective of lowering tick densities and reducing the proportion of ticks infected with B. burgdorferi s.l. The choice of intervention strategies used in an integrated programme within a disease-endemic community will depend on the level of engagement by that community. Not all methods may be applicable or acceptable to a specific target population. Some interventions only require the participation of individual households while others will require the cooperation of the entire community. Interventions such as the vaccine or personal protection measures will only reduce risk for the individual practising such behaviours. The application of acaricides to the environment or tick hosts may benefit neighbouring properties and visitors to the treated properties. Current technologies, properly applied, clearly could reduce the incidence of LB. Nevertheless, utilization of existing technology,...
While individual ticks operate in the microenvironment and encounter only one host at each stage, risk assessment and control strategies to reduce the probability of tick-human encounters and the transmission of tick-borne diseases need to be considered over a range of spatial scales (Cortinas et al., 2002). Thus, potential individual human hosts apply measures of personal protection and targeted acaricides are directed towards ticks infesting individual reservoir hosts. In
Meanwhile, back in the USSR, Belka and Strelka returned to a hero's welcome in Moscow. After an interview on Radio Moscow, they were whisked off to a press conference at the Academy of Sciences, during which dog trainer Oleg Gazenko held the dogs aloft in a gesture of triumph. In November of that year, Strelka gave birth to a litter of puppies, one of which would play its own role in international diplomacy. Following a meeting at a Vienna summit conference, Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev gave one of Strelka's pups to the U.S. First Lady, Jacqueline Kennedy. The dog, named Pushinka (Fluffy) would grow up in the Kennedy White House. Before the dog could be accepted, however, and reflecting the deep suspicions of those Cold War times, army experts thoroughly searched and X-rayed the little dog to check for any implanted bugs or a possible doomsday device.
Natural disasters such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, severe storms and tidal waves were doubtless ancient sources of major limb transec-tions and, as contemporary reports of earthquake and tsunami disasters confirm, continue to be so. During the last century, we can add the innocent civilian amputee victims of warfare, aerial bombardment, minefields and of suicide terrorists. Since its introduction, the heavily laden wagon wheel, especially that of railway traffic, has been a potent cause of limb transection or near-transection. Lucas of Leeds communicated the following observation to Alanson
Control measures can be divided into measures applied on an individual basis (personal protection and vaccination) and measures that target the tick population (on a range of spatial and temporal scales) (Table 12.1). In this chapter, we emphasize the latter measures, which are applied in the environment. After a brief review of measures for prevention of tick bites, treatment and vaccination (including host immunity and anti-tick vaccines), we concentrate on management of landscape and hosts and area application of acaricides. We also discuss the actual and potential use of biological control agents and pheromones, whose application is part of an environmentally based strategy, even though they may target individual ticks. We conclude by discussing the use of various strategies in an IPM programme and the future of tick and LB control. Personal protection and behaviours to prevent or reduce tick bite are the first Personal protection
Earlier, the use of personal protection measures is influenced by both the perception of risk and the degree of inconvenience involved in the protective activity. The basic aim of any LB prevention programme is to reduce the number of human cases within a community or larger geographical region. On a practical basis, reducing the risk of tick bite, and consequently disease, has been limited to personal protection measures and the residential use of acaricides. The use of many technologies (e.g. host immunity, anti-tick vaccines, pheromones, parasites and pathogens) is being researched or remains speculative and others (e.g. aca-ricide on mouse nesting material) have had mixed or negative results (Daniels et al., 1991 Ginsberg, 1992 Stafford, 1992b). The combination of methods offers the potential for the greatest level of tick management. For example, results of a project to manage lone star tick populations in a recreation area demonstrated that combinations of three tick control...
Nonsexual symptoms are less definitively linked to sexual victimization because they are more likely than sexual symptoms to derive from other experiences and traumas. For example, while such behavioral and emotional symptoms can come from being sexually victimized, they can also be the result of physical abuse, neglect, divorce, auto accidents, or natural disasters. Nevertheless, Table III lists nonsexual symptoms and, where relevant, their possible relationship to subgroups of victims.
After the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, Henderson became the director of the United States Office of Public Health Emergency Preparedness and Response. Finding the world in danger of ''regressing'' in the battle against a disease that was presumably eradicated in the 1970s, Henderson expressed the frustration and sorrow of those who had once envisioned an era of global disease control programs. In addition to a distinguished career in the Departments of Epidemiology and International Health in the School of Public Health at Johns Hopkins, Henderson became founding director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Civilian Biodefense Studies. His federal appointments include Associate Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, Executive Office of the President, Deputy Assistant Secretary and Senior Science Advisor to the Department of Health and Human Services on civilian biodefense issues, and Chairman of the National Advisory Council on Public Health Preparedness. His...
The transition from Greco-Roman culture to medieval Christianity irrevocably transformed the status of the healing art. The Hippocratic tradition based on love of the art, intellectual curiosity, glorification of the healthy body, and the passionate pursuit of physical well-being were foreign to the spirit of the medieval Christian world. Indeed, powerful theologians like Tertullian (160 -230 ) could explain pestilence, famine, wars, and natural disasters as God's benevolent means of pruning the insolence of the human race. As a branch of learning, medicine, like all forms of secular learning, was considered inferior to and subordinate to theology. However, the actual state of medicine as the necessary healing art, rather than a branch of learning and a profession, is a more complex problem. If it were true that all sickness was the inexorable consequence of sin, or a test of faith, suffering through such trials and tribulations might well be the theoretically appropriate response.
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The Basic Survival Guide
Disasters: Why No ones Really 100 Safe. This is common knowledgethat disaster is everywhere. Its in the streets, its inside your campuses, and it can even be found inside your home. The question is not whether we are safe because no one is really THAT secure anymore but whether we can do something to lessen the odds of ever becoming a victim.