Excel Ebook

101 Secrets of a Microsoft Excel Addict

This ebook from Francis Hayes gives you professional tools to help you get the most out of your Excel program. Any one of these secrets could be the only one that you ever need to know for Excel, but this ebook includes bunches of those tips and tricks! Just think of all of the useful information you can get from it! If you have ever been frustrated at your lack of progress in Microsoft Excel, this guide will teach you everything that you need to know to harness the powerful functions or time-saving elements of Microsoft Excel. Excel is used by offices all over the world, but so few people take the time to teach you anything important about it. Too much time is usually wasted searching the internet for tips on how to use it more efficiently Learn the best way to master Excel in this ebook!

101 Secrets of a Microsoft Excel Addict Summary


4.6 stars out of 11 votes

Contents: Ebook
Author: Francis Hayes
Price: $9.97

My 101 Secrets of a Microsoft Excel Addict Review

Highly Recommended

This is one of the best books I have read on this field. The writing style was simple and engaging. Content included was worth reading spending my precious time.

As a whole, this manual contains everything you need to know about this subject. I would recommend it as a guide for beginners as well as experts and everyone in between.

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Excellence and Failure

Everyone wants to succeed, but few people take the time to study excellence. Similarly, everyone dislikes failure, but few people invest the time and energy necessary to learn from their mistakes. Often we are too busy basking in the glory of our triumphs to think through what we did right, or the pain of failure is sufficiently intense that many of us want to move on and put it behind us as soon as we can. Yet those who want to improve their chances of excelling can ill afford to disregard the issue of why, despite seemingly equal levels of intelligence and education, some people tend to achieve at higher levels than others. The standard curriculum is absolutely necessary if medical students, residents, and fellows are to develop into competent physicians, but it is not sufficient to enable them to reach their full professional potential. A substantial amount of educational research indicates that how learners understand excellence and failure exerts an important influence on their...

Excelling as a Learner

If learners are to perform at their best and become the best physicians they are capable of being, it is important that we help them develop a clear vision of excellence in learning. Whether they be medical students, residents, fellows, or even practicing physicians participating in continuing medical education programs, we need to help them to see their target clearly if they are to hit it. In the case of medical students and residents, it is vital that no one regard their tenure in the training program as a period of indentured servitude, something that must be merely endured. Instead, learners gain more when they see their program as a learning opportunity designed to help them excel as learners. By contrast with premedical and medical education, many residency programs provide less clearly defined performance evaluations on a less-frequent basis. Residents may meet with their program director only several times per year, and the evaluations available may be relatively vague and...

Learners Views of Excellence

Most of us would like to excel at what we do, but few of us have devoted much time and energy to the study of excellence. Similarly, we want to avoid failure, but most of us do not learn as much as we could from our disappointments. Often we are too relieved or even exulted in our successes to step back and think through what we did right, and the pain of failure may be so great that we simply want to put it behind us as soon as possible. Yet if our learners are going to improve their performance, it is important that we foster reflection on the question of why, despite equal levels of intelligence and experience, some people perform at a high level and other people perform relatively poorly. One means of fostering this kind of self-awareness among learners is the so-called critical incident approach. How does it work At the conclusion of a learning task, learners are asked to reflect on their performance and to determine why they performed as they did. If our organizations are to...

Fostering Excellence

We need to address some basic questions. Are excellent educators born or made Why do some educators work harder and perform better than others Can we predict which candidates for a faculty post will perform best Are there steps that educational leaders can take to enhance the motivation of the people with whom we work What motivators have the biggest effect Which are more effective, sticks such as the threat of demotion and pay cuts, or carrots such as awards for teaching Should we focus our efforts on placing our educational colleagues under tighter control, or should we attempt to increase their own sense of autonomy and empowerment The first of these sets of needs is the need for achievement. Each of us wants to perform well in relation to recognized standards. We need to feel a sense of accomplishment, to help resolve problems, and to excel in our professional roles. The second is the need for power, the need of each of us to influence or control how others behave and to exercise...

Eastman Professor at Oxford

Felix Frankfurter was not alone in his admiration of Oxford. Most Eastman professors were enthusiastic about the experience and marvel at the intellectual freedom that the Oxford system affords, as indeed I did myself in an article entitled A clerk at Oxenford published in a faculty newsletter that Duke University used to put out for its staff. In retrospect, I am not sure whether my admiration was fully justified is the system really still viable from an educational standpoint Freedom to excel also allows for freedom to fail and I suspect that I saw many failures. Today we are faced with an increasingly egalitarian world - a society that is more regulated, with rules spelt out to give everyone equal access. Somewhere along the line, modern teachers are supposed to tell the student exactly what he needs to do to pass exams and to fill employers' expectations. The American system and the bulk of Britain's less prestigious universities may be better suited for this task than the fabled...

Biochemical Data Analysis With Spreadsheet Application

A spreadsheet is a collection of data entries text, numbers, or a combination of both (alphanumeric) arranged in rows and columns used to display, manipulate, and analyze data (Atkinson et al., 1987 Diamond and Hanratty, 1997). Microsoft Excel The user is referred to the Microsoft Excel User's Guide or online Help for information. Launching Microsoft Excel brings you into the workspace of Excel and a new workbook. A workbook is a collection of related spreadsheets organized in rows (number headings) and columns (letter headings). The intersection of a row and a column is a cell that is addressed by row and column headings. To select a group of cells, click on the first cell and drag down to the last cell. This collection of cells is known as a range. Inserting cells, rows, and columns is done through either the Insert or shortcut Edit menu. Excel inserts the new column to the left of the highlighted column. New rows are inserted above the highlighted row. At the bottom of the...

Statistical Functions

Statistical functions are selected from two menus within Excel. The first approach is through the Function Wizard. Click the Function Wizard, fx to activate the Function Wizard dialog box select Statistical under the Function Category list and select Statistical Functions under the Function Name (refer to Help for the definition and usage of a function). The second approach is from Tools Data Analysis. If Data Analysis is not present when the Tools command is selected, this means that the Analysis ToolPak was not loaded during Excel installation. The Analysis ToolPak can be loaded from Tools Add-Ins. To perform F test or t test

Use of Statistical Packages

The statistical analysis software, SPSS (http www.spsscience.com), is a common statistical package available in most of university networks, and the student could learn its use by following the tutorial session of the Spss program. Open and click Spsswin.exe to start the SPSS program (Figure 2.4). Go to Help and select the Spss Tutorial. From the Main menu page, follow the session. The biochemical data for statistical analysis can be entered directly by starting File, and then choose New and Data. However, it can be advantageous for the student to prepare data files with Excel (filename.xls) in advance. In this case, start File and then choose Open and Data. Click File type to select Excel (filename.xls). From the menu bar, select Statistics to initiate the data analysis.

Gauging the difference

Alternatively, TCR analysis can also be depicted as a 'landscape', i.e. as a function of the CDR3 length (z-axis), the VB family (x-axis) and the percentage of each individual CDR3 in a distinct VA or VB family (y-axis) (14, 15). This is possible using regular excel spreadsheet functions, or alternatively, using the Immunoscope software (4, 16). This allows to describe the TCR repertoire at the time of evaluation. In order to compare either i) longitudinal differences (i.e. PBL or tissue samples collected at different time points) or ii) spatial differences (i.e. differences between a tumor sample and PBL or individual lymph node sections), the TCR CDR3 distribution pattern of individual VA or VB families can be used as a 'control' for other samples. This 'control' sample can be used from an individual patient (i.e. pre-, post-immunization, tumor normal tissue) or a representative Gauss-distributed sample from either CD4+ or CD8+ PBL from healthy blood donors.

Psychological Insights

The best clinicians, researchers, and educators are not necessarily the best leaders. Each of us have known people who excelled in each of these areas, yet once appointed to a formal position of leadership, performed poorly. To be effective as leaders, we need to expand our understanding to encompass such key leadership activities as communication, motivation, team building, and planning.Yet if we are to excel at these leadership activities,we require still more insight. One of the most important areas of insight for any leader is an under conformity becomes the organization's highest priority, then autonomy cannot develop. The best goal for educational leaders is to help our colleagues excel, not to use our colleagues as platforms for our own elevation. We must be allowed and even encouraged to try new things, secure in the knowledge that mistakes are not regarded as unacceptable. If we do not develop a clear sense of who we are, we are unlikely to be effective as educators or...

Residency and Technical School

In the age of information, institutions that excel at creating and sharing knowledge at higher levels not only enjoy more respect and support, they also enjoy greater prospects of success. The higher one's position in the food chain of higher learning, the better. In sum, all residency programs are telling the truth, but we have forgotten that some truths are less important than others. Many of the most powerful forces influencing the content and structure of today's residency programs favor the telling of less important truths. If medicine is to flourish, it is imperative that we reexamine our programs in light of a larger vision of excellence, one that esteems originality alongside authority, imagination alongside memorization, and vision alongside detection. We must focus less on the capacity to collect information, and more on the intellectual habits of mind we engender.

Understanding Leadership

What personality traits make up a good leader in medical education, and how can we determine who among us has the most potential to excel as a leader In many respects, a generic answer grounded in intelligence, personality, and interpersonal abilities will suffice. For example, an individual who does not enjoy working with other people or who has little interest in how organizations function would be a poor choice to lead a department or a medical school, no matter how effective that person might be as a classroom teacher, clinician, or researcher. The person best suited to lead will not always be the best in any of these other respects, although it is important to understand what excellence in those activities entails and to be committed to helping others achieve it. Supportive leadership involves a primarily relationship approach focused on building mutually rewarding relationships and tending to the personal, social, and organizational well-being of others. Supportive leadership is...

WAISR and Waisiii Patterns for Individuals with Full Scale IQ of 110 or Above

Research on the WISC-R has shed light on a possible Wechsler profile using Bannatyne's categorizations. According to Bannatyne's system for categorizing Wechsler profiles (see Chapter 10), a characteristic profile on the WISC-R for gifted children and adolescents appears to be the Verbal Conceptualization Acquired Knowledge Spatial Sequential pattern. Although many gifted individuals have higher Verbal than Performance IQs, the Verbal subtests appear to split into the two distinct and somewhat unexpected categories of Verbal Conceptualization and Acquired Knowledge. McGee and Brown (1984) also found that Comprehension scores were significantly higher than Information and Vocabulary scores on the WISC-R for children being considered for gifted placement and on the WAIS for bright college students, even though Comprehension scores are less dependent on formal education and other skills in which gifted individuals typically excel. Wilkinson (1993) found a WISC-R pattern of Verbal...

Proteome Analysis Of Neurite Differentiation Of Phytoestrogentreated Pc12 Cells Preliminary results

The cells were washed twice with tris-buffered sorbitol (10 mM Tris, 25 mM sorbitol pH 7), after which, one volume of the buffer was added, the cells then scraped and transferred to a polyallomer micro ultracentrifuge tube. Four volumes of lysis extraction solution (7M urea, 2M thiourea, 4 CHAPS, 25 mM spermine base, 1mM EDTA, 50mM DTT, 4mM AEBSF) was immediately added and mixed by placing a piece of parafilm over the tube and inverting it several times. Extraction was carried out at room temperature for 60 min with occasional mixing. The sample was then centrifuged at 130,000 g for 1 h at 15 C. The protein-containing supernatant was kept and the protein concentration was determined using the 2D Quant Kit (Amersham). For first dimension, immobilized pH gradient (IPG) strips (Amersham) were rehydrated overnight with 350 g of protein (in-gel rehydration) according to the manufacturer's instructions. Using a Multiphor II apparatus, the proteins were then separated according to their...

Computational Biochemistry Application Of Computer Technology To Biochemistry

After brief introduction to biostatistics, Chapter 2 focuses on the use of spreadsheet (Microsoft Excel) to analyze biochemical data, and of database (Microsoft Access) to organize and retrieve useful information. In the way, a conceptual introduction to desktop informatics is presented. Chapter 3 introduces Internet resources that will be utilized extensively throughout the book. Some important biochemical sites are listed. Molecular visualization is an important and effective method of chemical communication. Therefore, computer molecular graphics are treated in Chapter 4. Several drawing and graphics programs such as ISIS Draw, RasMol, Cn3D, and KineMage are described. Chapter 5 reviews biochemical compounds with an emphasis on their structural information and characterizations. Dynamic biochemistry is described in the next three chapters. Chapter 6 deals with ligand- receptor interaction and therefore receptor biochemistry including signal


The emphasis of this chapter was directed towards the clinical application of decision analysis in the management of gastroenterology patients and its use as a bedside tool for optimizing clinical management of common medical problems. The examples were purposefully based on crude cost estimates and restricted to simple models that could be calculated without resorting to dedicated decision software. All models used in this chapter were actually drawn and executed on an Excel spreadsheet from Microsoft Office. The examples serve to demonstrate that there is still ample room for use of decision analysis as a bedside tool. Frequently the models can be solved without mathematical calculations. Numerical precision is not an issue, because the analysis is not meant to be published but to serve to make the best use of the clinician's current knowledge in deriving the most sensible medical decision.

Defending Education

The only way, Flexner argued, that students could learn how to care for patients was by caring for patients. They needed to do it themselves, not merely hear others talk about it or watch others do it. To do this, medical schools needed to be based in teaching hospitals. Flexner cited as his model the fledgling Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, which had been founded several years after the Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore. Hopkins was the site where luminaries such as the three Williams, William Osler, William Halstead, and William Welch had introduced such contemporary staples of medical education as medical student clerkships and postgraduate training through internships and residencies. By allying medical schools and hospitals, Flexner argued, medical students would receive a robust education that truly prepared them to provide excellent care to the sick. opportunity to excel as academic physicians, including the academic missions of education and research. How do we...

Regression Analysis

Excel provides some built-in tools for fitting models to data sets. By far the most common routine method for experimental data analysis is linear regression, from which the best-fit model is obtained by minimizing the least-squares error between the y-test data and an array of predicted y data calculated according to a linear

Viiiin Closing

The reader may well ask, particularly as the new drug business faces increased pressures to do it faster and in a more regulated environment, does the smaller organization have a chance to succeed What if the seemingly indispensable critical mass is not there and, instead, the task must be done by dovetailing as best one can resources and functions from multiple organizations To the author the answer is clear. Bulk drug process development is a business where size matters and matters greatly, and if success is measured by the timely introduction of new drugs (not just one drug at a time) on a broad marketing base, then the smaller organizations labor at a disadvantage and the virtual company struggles with projects of any scope. Indeed, for bulk drug projects of unusual technical difficulty, the smaller organization seems faced with insuperable odds. Yet, none of this denies the opportunity for the bulk drug process developer practitioner to excel and find professional fulfillment in...

Data Analysis

Rated radioactivity, corrected for release. In other words, the data represent the dpm released as a percentage of total remaining radioactivity. To perform this calculation, we enter the dpm value for each fraction (including the lysis step) into an Excel spreadsheet. Using the summation of total dpm released, we determine the dpm release min as a percentage of total incorporation. This partially corrects for the rundown of 3H AA release with time during the experiment.

Educating Educators

Yet teaching is not a prerogative that we acquire only at the end of a long course of training. Instead, teaching is an art in which we should begin to gain firsthand experience almost as soon as we embark on our education. We expect medical students and residents to begin taking histories, examining patients, and performing procedures before they have acquired full proficiency, because they cannot learn otherwise. Similarly, we need to expect them to start teaching even before they know everything, because otherwise they will not lay the groundwork they need to excel as educators. If we understand better why it is important to prepare our learners to excel as educators, we will also illuminate what we need to do and how to go about doing it. When we gain a better grasp of the need to place greater emphasis on teaching, we also illuminate the format and content that such educational learning should take. Education is also built into the very essence of what it means to be a doctor....

What Makes Work Good

Improving the quality of work has been the subject of scholarly research for decades. Thinking on this subject was stimulated by Howard Gardner, Mihalyi Csikszentmihalyi, and William Damon, Good Work When Excellence and Ethics Meet. The authors believe that good work can refer to at least two things. First, there is the quality of our experience at work and the contributions our work makes to our overall quality of life. Second, there is the quality of the product or service we offer. The two concepts are closely related,because if we take pride in our work we are more likely to enjoy it, and if we enjoy what we do we are more likely to do it well. Some might question this point of view, believing that Gardner and colleagues have set the bar too high. Is it not enough that we manage to perform our duties competently and provide for ourselves and our families, without enriching the wider world In fact, however, people who excel at work frequently describe their work in such terms. They...

Hypothesis Tests

99 of measurements should be less than the mean plus 2.33 standard deviations for Excel users the function NORMINV(0.99,0,1) can be used for this calculation , so if a reading is more than 5.32 + 2.33 x 0.91 7.44 ppm, it could only have arisen by chance in the background population in 1 of the cases. Of course life is not always so simple. For example, the original set of samples might be small and so the mean and standard deviation may not have been estimated very well. In order to make these adjustments special statistical tables are used to provide probabilities corrected for sample size, as will be discussed below. We would probably use what is called a t-test if there are not many samples, however, if there are a large number of samples in the original data this tends to a normal distribution. Note that the t-test still assumes that the errors are normally distributed in a background population, but if we measure only a few samples, this perfect distribution will become slightly...


In thinking about how to educate physicians, it is important to consider the end product we hope to produce. What is our vision of a well-educated physician What would it mean to excel as a physician, and how can we best prepare medical students and residents to attain that level of performance It is unrealistic to expect new graduates to function at the same level as physicians with decades of experience, but it would be a mistake not to launch them on a trajectory that leads to genuine expertise. First-rate physicians are not merely competent, they are experts, and we should prepare our trainees to achieve this level of excellence. In order to prepare them to function as experts, however, we must first understand what it means to be an expert. What distinguishes experts from novices, and what does it take to move from mere competence to expertise If we are serious about promoting expertise, genuine excellence as opposed to mere competence, than we must distinguish between two...


One way to get learners to pay more attention is to show them the value of what they are learning to their own future performance as physicians. If they see how the information is relevant and how they will use it to take better care of their patients, and thereby to excel as physicians, they are much more likely to attend to it carefully. If we want medical students to pay close attention to a lecture on airway management, we can usefully stoke the flames of their interest by presenting a couple of cases where a physician's failure to understand basic principles led to a disaster for the patient. A practical educational strategy is to create opportunities to highlight such relevance. When we realize not only that If we aim to excel as educators by helping our students excel as learners, we need to understand the learning process, of which memory is a key constituent. By availing ourselves of the insights of cognitive psychology, we can gain deeper insight into key learning processes...

Educational Strategy

Nearly as bad as lacking a mission entirely is failing to ensure that all the members of the organization know the mission. If we do not know how our jobs fit into the overall purpose of the organization, then our ability to contribute to its achievement is severely compromised. If we do not know the mission, see it clearly, and pursue it enthusiastically, then we are unlikely to excel in our work. We need to believe that the world would be a poorer place without our work. Physicians tend to be a fairly conservative group. Since our first days in medical school, we were reminded again and again of the Hippocratic maxim, First do no harm. Eager to excel, we became adept at recalling what our teachers told us to learn, a pattern that often continues and intensifies during residency training. Creativity is not a priority. Ask most medical students or residents what we want to learn, and we will point to a textbook. The implicit message Learn everything, and do not get caught not knowing...

Developing Leaders

One of the key self-development tasks is identifying our own strengths. All excellent leaders tend to share certain characteristics, such as credibility, emotional stability, and good communication skills. But excellent leaders can also differ from one another in important respects. For example, some are good at sketching out a broad vision for the organization, and tend to leave its implementation to colleagues. Others are better suited to a more hands-on style, and thrive when they are actively involved in organizational management on a daily basis. Some leaders do their best work outside their offices, thriving when they interact frequently with their colleagues, whereas others require a significant amount of isolated reflective time to perform at their best. Some leaders write particularly well, and others excel at speaking. Some love to roll up their sleeves for a good tussle, and others prefer to avoid open conflict. Some can thrive in a relatively unstructured environment,...

Focusing on Learners

In the most stressful situations, this boils down to the effort to discern what will be on the test. Learning comes to be directed by evaluation, and soon learners have lost their focus on what they will need to know to excel as physicians. In the ideal situation, learners are focused on the latter, on what a good physician needs to know. To foster such learning, educators can ensure that learners face problems that closely approximate those they will face in actual practice. What motivates mature learners In large part it is pure curiosity, the desire to understand something for its own sake. Another important motivator is the questions that arise during daily practice. Another is the opportunity to help a patient. In these situations, people are trying to learn not because someone tells them they must, or because they want to impress someone else, but because the knowledge itself is important to them. These intrinsic motivators have at their core...

Minds and Machines

We must not forget that knowledge and especially understanding are shared in communities, where learning is like acquiring a new language. To excel as physicians, we need not only to retain a large collection of facts, but to act as excellent physicians act. This has to do with habits of practice, and with matters of character, as much as with cognition. A great deal of what we know, which Michael Polanyi called tacit knowledge, cannot be written down. We must work side by side, and converse with one another about what we are doing. These are learning objectives that an isolated learner perched in front of a computer screen may never be able to realize.

Seeking Leadership

What is the culture of the program, in terms of its commitment to excellence, its approaches to communication and problem solving, and past leadership styles How great a challenge would it be to lead this particular organization Is the organization prepared to invest in the leader's development as a manager and a leader, and what opportunities could it make available What is the level of commitment of the larger organization to the program seeking a leader, such as the university to the medical school, or the medical school to the department What role would the program be expected to play in the larger organization's strategic plans What are the attributes of an excellent leader Key questions need to be addressed. Is the candidate a person of integrity Is the candidate an autocrat or a team builder Is the candidate aloof, someone who acts independently and shoots from the hip, or someone who consults with others before making important decisions Is the candidate good with people, and...

Worthy of Emulation

By contrast, destructive emulation occurs when learners adopt habits that undermine their excellence. Consider a disgruntled and frankly cynical faculty member, whose residents tend to develop such habits as criticizing colleagues behind their backs, thereby corroding collegiality and mutual respect within the department. One goal of all medical educators should be to cultivate opportunities for constructive emulation and reduce opportunities for destructive emulation. We need to consider not only the content of the formal curriculum, but that of the informal and even hidden curriculum, as well. With whom are learners working, and to what effect One way of enhancing our educational effectiveness as role models is to strengthen our understanding of this vital but often overlooked aspect of education. For learners to grow and develop as excellent physicians as least three conditions must be met. First, learners need to be paying attention to their role models. Potential role models who...

Flat Files

Many managers would feel more comfortable if clinical data could be stored and viewed in a format with which they are already familiar, an Excel spreadsheet, for example (see Figure 11.1). At first glance, the spreadsheet format seems ideal each row constitutes a different patient record, and each column a different field or variable. But as we start to fill in a mockup of our spreadsheet, two difficulties arise first, as the number of columns exceeds the width of the screen, we may easily forget just where a particular data item is located second, as the trial continues, we begin to accumulate multiple records for each patient pretreatment or baseline, one-week follow-up, one-month follow-up, and so forth. Will we run out of space The first of these difficulties is correctable, not by Excel, but by a more-advanced flat-file manager that would allow us to search for columns by name. A 10-column spreadsheet with 2000 entries requires about 200Kbytes of storage and takes only a few...