Indications and Contraindications

Indications ■ Patients with adenocarcinoma of the distal esophagus (Barrett's carcinoma)

■ Age limit: This method can be successfully performed in patients up to the age of 80years

Contraindications ■ Status after thyroid resection or patients in which the cervical esophagus and/or the upper mediastinum may be difficult to access (status after radiation therapy for subsequent oropharyngeal tumors) ■ Preoperative detection of enlarged peritumoral or mediastinal lymph nodes (^ transthoracic en bloc resection)

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