The goals of surgical treatment of most pancreatic pseudocysts are to provide a pathway of internal (enteric) drainage of the "leaking" exocrine secretions to allow the pseudocyst cavity to collapse, thereby either "sealing off" the ductal leak or creating a permanent internal fistula for drainage. Internal drainage includes cystogastrostomy, cystojejunostomy, and less commonly cystoduodenostomy. Internal drainage can also be accomplished by endoscopic cystogastrostomy or cystoduodenostomy in selected patients.
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For centuries, ever since the legendary Ponce de Leon went searching for the elusive Fountain of Youth, people have been looking for ways to slow down the aging process. Medical science has made great strides in keeping people alive longer by preventing and curing disease, and helping people to live healthier lives. Average life expectancy keeps increasing, and most of us can look forward to the chance to live much longer lives than our ancestors.