Management of the Most Common Complications

■ Primary non-function (<5 %): early retransplantation

■ Rejection: increased immunosuppression

■ Hepatic artery thrombosis: immediate surgical thrombectomy with or without intrahepatic thrombolysis. If severe ischemic biliary strictures or hepatic necrosis develop, retransplantation should be considered

■ Infectious complications should be treated as usual (e.g., surgical or percutaneous drainage and appropriate anti-infectious chemotherapy)

■ Ascites/edema: Avoid fluid overload in the first week after transplantation, diuretics if necessary

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