CT scan, ultrasound, or MRI:
In emergency cases:
Alcohol, hepatitis, recent overeating or overdrinking
Hematemesis, melena, encephalopathy, ascites, jaundice, nutritional status, splenomegaly, bleeding tendency
Blood cell count, bilirubin, albumin, ALT, AST, prothrombin time, ammonia, total bile acid, indocyanine green test
Assessment of esophagogastric varices and portal hypertensive gastropathy, searching for the bleeding point
Assessment of collateral vessels, portal flow, ascites, searching for hepatoma
Volume resuscitation, placement of Sengstaken-Blakemore tube, intratracheal intubation (when indicated)
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For centuries, ever since the legendary Ponce de Leon went searching for the elusive Fountain of Youth, people have been looking for ways to slow down the aging process. Medical science has made great strides in keeping people alive longer by preventing and curing disease, and helping people to live healthier lives. Average life expectancy keeps increasing, and most of us can look forward to the chance to live much longer lives than our ancestors.