The patient is positioned in a 45-degree right lateral position. The surgeon and the camera assistant stand at the patient's abdominal side, video-monitor on the opposite site. The first trocar (umbilical, 12mm) is inserted in an open technique (T1) and the pneumoperitoneum (14mmHg) is introduced.
Further trocars are inserted under visual control in the left lower abdomen (T2,10mm) and in the left midaxillary line just below the costal margin (T3,10mm). If needed, additional trocars are placed semicircularly in relation to the spleen (dotted line).
Was this article helpful?
For centuries, ever since the legendary Ponce de Leon went searching for the elusive Fountain of Youth, people have been looking for ways to slow down the aging process. Medical science has made great strides in keeping people alive longer by preventing and curing disease, and helping people to live healthier lives. Average life expectancy keeps increasing, and most of us can look forward to the chance to live much longer lives than our ancestors.