Once cholangiography is completed, the ureteric catheter is removed and the cystic duct is clamped. The gallbladder is then removed from the liver bed using hook diathermy. This is done through a combination of elevating the peritoneum, burning with the hook and pushing so that the gallbladder is removed toward the fundus and finally separated from the liver at the fundus. There is very little place for fundus-first laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
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For centuries, ever since the legendary Ponce de Leon went searching for the elusive Fountain of Youth, people have been looking for ways to slow down the aging process. Medical science has made great strides in keeping people alive longer by preventing and curing disease, and helping people to live healthier lives. Average life expectancy keeps increasing, and most of us can look forward to the chance to live much longer lives than our ancestors.