Defining Social And Eusocial Traits

If social behaviour is recognized as simply involving communication and cooperation, then because honey bees live in colonies a great deal of their behaviour will be subsumed by this definition. Indeed, few bee behavioural traits could be truly excluded from the social label. Certain traits will, however, be more directly related to honey bee reproductive division of labour and their caste system. These traits can more readily be defined as truly social, or eusocial. Eusocial characters include those affecting reproductive altruism and are likely to have evolved to some extent via indirect selection (Hamilton, 1996). Altruistic traits may also have characteristic genetic architectures or patterns of expression that differ from traits that are directly selected (Queller and Strassmann, 1998), and are thus of very great interest to sociobiologists.

Beekeeping for Beginners

Beekeeping for Beginners

The information in this book is useful to anyone wanting to start beekeeping as a hobby or a business. It was written for beginners. Those who have never looked into beekeeping, may not understand the meaning of the terminology used by people in the industry. We have tried to overcome the problem by giving explanations. We want you to be able to use this book as a guide in to beekeeping.

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