The Three Celestial Emperors Fu Hsi Shen Nung And Huang Ti

History yields to mythology in accounts of the Three Celestial Emperors, who are revered as the founders of Chinese civilization. Fu Hsi, who is said to have reigned about 2000 b.c.e., is the legendary founder of China's first dynasty. His most important inventions included writing, painting, music, the original eight mystic trigrams, and the yin-yang concept. The I Ching or Canon of Changes, honored as the most ancient of Chinese books, is ascribed to Fu Hsi. The invention of the fundamental...

Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis

Sichelburg

The life of Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis (1818-1865) encompasses elements of heroism and tragedy more appropriate to treatment by a novelist than a historian. But some historians have argued that Semmelweis's contributions to medical history have been grossly exaggerated, because mortality from childbed fever actually increased after his work was published. Moreover, Semmelweis was all but forgotten by the time the doctrine of antisepsis was accepted. It is true that both Semmelweis and Holmes had...