Blood Iron Studies

Once there is some degree of clinical suspicion or in a patient for whom screening studies are proposed, initial examination should include a fasting transferrin saturation and a ferritin level. A fasting serum sample is preferred as serum iron may be elevated following meals and has a diurnal variation. Transferrin saturation (TS) is calculated by dividing the serum iron level by the total iron binding capacity or transferrin. A TS > 45% is commonly used as a trigger for HFE mutation analysis. Serum ferritin is also helpful, but lacks specificity as it is often elevated in systemic inflammatory processes. The TS and ferritin are best used in combination.

Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

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