Andrew IschMD Brant K OelschlagerMD and Carlos A PellegriniMD

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the leading gastrointestinal (GI) disorder in the United States. As such, there are multiple therapies available to treat it. These range from simple lifestyle changes and nonprescription medications to antireflux surgery. With the advent of minimally invasive surgical techniques, the number of operations being performed to treat GERD has increased significantly. This chapter aims to discuss the surgeon's approach to reflux disease and the clinical considerations involved in counseling patients regarding surgical therapies.

Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

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