Local Ablative Therapies

Although surgical resection may afford the only potential for cure in patients with hepatic metastases, many patients may not be candidates for surgical resection for a variety of reasons. Novel methods for local ablation have been developed with a goal of increasing the number of patients eligible for surgical resection. The early experiences with metastasis ablation have been primarily with hepatic cryosurgery. More recently, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has been applied for the treatment of liver tumors in much the same manner. With this technique, a needle is inserted within the selected tumor and electric current is employed to generate heat, resulting in thermal ablation. RFA can be performed laparoscopically or even percutaneously, as well as via open laparotomy. For these reasons, RFA has largely replaced other ablative techniques as the preferred method of interstitial ablation in most centers.

Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

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