MPEC probes deliver thermal energy by completion of an electrical circuit between two electrodes on the tip of the probe through nondesiccated tissue. The circuit is completed locally and electrical grounding is not required. As the targeted tissue desiccates, conductivity diminishes, limiting the maximum temperature (~100°C) and the depth and breadth of tissue injury. A foot pedal controls irrigation via a port at the probe tip; alternatively, water may be flushed manually using a syringe. Both the thermal and coaptative components can be applied either tangentially or en face to the targeted vessel. Repeated application often results in a build-up of coagulum at the tip which impedes conduction and necessitates removal and cleaning of the probe.

Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

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